Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and stroke are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. These diseases also take a significant toll on the communities of Chicago Lawn, Gage Park, and West Lawn, where the Illinois Prevention Research Center's research program Making the Connection, takes place.
For more information about the health in these neighborhoods, see:
- Chicago Lawn's health profile (153k pdf )
- Gage Park's health profile (177k pdf )
- West Lawn's health profile (161k pdf )
For Community Health Profiles regarding other Chicago neighborhoods, visit http://www.cchsd.org/cahealthprof.html.
Healthy behaviors such as eating nutritious foods, regularly engaging in physical activity, and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or lessen the effects of heart disease, diabetes, some cancers, and other chronic diseases. The following statistics describe risky health behavior of adults in Chicago in 2006. Community-specific data are not available.
Adults who did not participate in any physical activities in the previous month: 22.4%
[Physical activity guidelines]
Weight classifications based on body mass index (BMI):
Overweight (BMI= 25.0-29.9): 36.2%
Obese (BMI>30.0): 25.5%
At risk for health problems related to being overweight (based on BMI): 61.7%
[Calculate your BMI]
Adults who had been told by a doctor that they have diabetes: 10.5%
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that more than 1/3 of those who have diabetes in the U.S. are undiagnosed.
[National Diabetes Fact Sheet from the CDC]