Lightning Articles: Alphabetical by Author

Printable

(
* indicates - not yet in my possession, but being retrieved
& indicates referred to but I cannot obtain the article - all help appreciated to find a copy
' indicates articles I have but am unable to translate to any degree

otherwise all articles in my possession - I think!
)

Abt, J.L. The Pupillary Responses After Being Struck by Lightning/ JAMA/ 254(23):3312/ 1985.

1.6 Adekoya N, Nolte KB. Struck-by-lightning deaths in the United States. J Environ Health. 2005 May;67(9):45-50, 58.

' Afanasev, ./ Successful treatment of children in group injury by lightning/ Vest. Khir./ Nov 1979/123(11):132-3.

Agnew, J./ Lightning Injury/ Proc. Div. Surg., Royal Bris. Hosp./ 1986:61-63.

Akahane, T., and Okishio R./ Lightning Injury: Report of Two Cases/ Burns/ 10:45/ 1983.

Alcock, R., and Fletcher Jones, H.C./ Abdominal Injury from Lightning. / Lancet/ 1:823 5/ 1949.

Alexandridis A. Fotiou F. Dimitriadis A. Tsitsopoulos P. Stefani FH./ Neuropathia nervi optici nach Blitzschlagunfall elektrophysiologische und computertomographische Befunde. / Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde. 190(1):56 8/ 1987 Jan.

& Alonso-Treceno, J., and Sanchez-Navarro, J./ Lesiones oticas por rayo. A proposito de un caso./ Acta Otorrinolaring. Esp./ 41(6):423-425/ 1990.

Althaus CW. Injury from lightning strike while using mobile phone. Mobile phones are not lightning strike risk. BMJ. 2006 Jul 8;333(7558):96.

Alyan O, Ozdemir O, Tufekcioglu O, Geyik B, Aras D, Demirkan D. Myocardial injury due to lightning strike--a case report. Angiology. 2006 Mar-Apr;57(2):219-23.

Amy, B.W., McManus, W., Boodwin, C.W., and Pruitt, B.A./ Lightning Injury with Survival in Five Patients/ JAMA/ 253(2):243/ 1985.

Anderson, R B, Jandrell, I R, Nematswerani, H E/ The upward streamer mechanism versus step potentials as a cause of injuries from close lightning discharges/ Trans SA Inst Elec Eng/ March 2002/ pp33-43/ 2002.

Anderson, R B, Does a Fifth Mechanism Exist to Explain Lightning Injuries/ IEEE Eng Med Biol/ Jan Feb/ p105 et seq/ 2001.

' Andreitsev AN, et al. [A case of group atmospheric electric injuries].Klin Med (Mosk). 1990 May;68(5):131 2. Russian.

Andrews, C.J./ Studies in Aspects of Lightning Injuries/ PhD thesis/ Univ Qld/ Australia/ 1993.

Andrews, C.J./ An Update on Lightning Injuries/ Aust Anaesth, ANZCA/ Melbourne/ Australia/ 1994.

Andrews, C.J., and Colquhoun, D., and Darveniza, M./ The QT interval in lightning injury with implications for the `Cessation of Metabolism' hypothesis/ J. Wildern. Med/ 4:155-166/ 1993.

Andrews, C.J., Darveniza, M./ Telephone Mediated Lightning Injury An Australian Survey/ J.Trauma/ 29(5):665 71/ Will. Wilk/ 1989.

Andrews C/ Structural changes after lightning strike, with special emphasis on special sense orifices as portals of entry./ Semin Neurol. 1995 Sep; 15(3): 296 303.

Andrews, C.J., Telephone Related Lightning Injury, Med. J. Aust., 157(11/12):823-5, 1992.

Andrews,C.J.,Darveniza,M., and Mackerras,D., The Medical Effects of Lightning Strikes, Proc Int. Conf. Lightn. Stat. Elec., Pub. by NOAA Nat Sev Storms Lab, Oklahoma, April 1988.

Andrews, C.J.,Darveniza, M.,Mackerras, D., Lightning Injury A Review of Clinical Aspects, Pathophysiology and Treatment, Advances in Trauma, 4:241-287, YBMP, Ill. USA, 1989.

Andrews, C.J., Chapter 17. Electric Shock, Electrocution, and Lightning Strike, in Pearn, J., et al., eds., The Science of First Aid: Theory in Practice of the Art and Science of pre hospital emergency care, St John Ambulance, Australia, 1995, in press.

Andrews, C.J., Keraunomedicine - A Discipline Come of Age, Annals of Emergency Medicine, Dallas, 25(4):543-545, 1995.

Andrews, C.J., Lightning and Electrical Injuries, Ch 8.5.7 in Oxford Textbook of Medicine, Oxf, UK, 2001 and 2006/7.

Andrews, C.J., Cooper, M.A., and ten Duis, H.J., Lightning and Electrical Injuries - Medical and Legal Considerations, Chapter 23a in Wecht, C., Forensic Science, Bender, USA, 1995, and 2000.

Andrews, C.J., and Darveniza, M., Updated Electrical Models of the Body Subject to Electrical Insult in Lightning Strike, Proc. APERI Conf. on Lightning and Mountains, Chamonix-Mont Blanc, APERI, Paris France, 1994.

Andrews, C.J., Darveniza,M., Further Identification and Treatment Modalities in Telephone Mediated Lightning Strike, Proc. 4th Int Conf Lightn Stat Elec., publ. NASA, Cocoa Beach Florida, 1991.

Andrews, C.J., and Darveniza, M., New Models of the Electrical Insult in Lightning Strike, in Borisenkov, E., Proc. 9th Int. Conf. Atmosph. Elec., June 15-19, 1992, A.I. Voeikov Main Geoplys Observ., St. Petersburg, pIII-859.

Andrews, C.J., and Darveniza, M., Further Study of the Functional and Structural Changes after Lightning Strike with Special Emphasis on Special Sense Orifices as Portals of Entry, in Borisenkov, E., Proc. 9th Int. Conf. Atmosph. Elec., June 15-19, 1992, A.I. Voeikov Main Geoplys Observ., St. Petersburg, pIII-860.

Andrews, C.J., and Darveniza, M., Functional and Structural Changes after Lightning Strike with Emphasis on Possible Portals of Entry, Proc. APERI Conf. on Lightning and Mountains, Chamonix-Mont Blanc, APERI, Paris France, 1994.

Andrews, C.J., and Darveniza, M., Determination of the Acoustic Insult in Telephone Mediated Lightning Strike, Proc. APERI Conf. on Lightning and Mountains, Chamonix-Mont Blanc, APERI, Paris France, 1994.

Andrews, C.J., and Darveniza, M., Determination of the Acoustic Insult in Telephone Mediated Lightning Strike, in Borisenkov, E., Proc. 9th Int. Conf. Atmosph. Elec., June 15-19, 1992, A.I. Voeikov Main Geoplys Observ., St. Petersburg, pIII-861.

Andrews,C.J., Darveniza, M., Categorisation of Telephone Mediated Lightning Injury Syndromes, Proc. 2nd Int Conf Emerg Med, SAEM, Brisbane Oct 1988.

Andrews,C.J., Cooper,M.A., Darveniza,M., and Mackerras,D., Lightning Injury: Electrical Medical and Legal Aspects, CRC Press, Florida, 197pp, 1992.

Andrews,C.J., and Darveniza,M., Effects of Lightning on Mammalian Tissue, Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Lightn. Stat. Elec., Bath Sept 89, Publ ERA Technol., Leatherhead, Surrey, UK.

Andrews,C.J., Darveniza,M., Mackerras,D.,A Retrospective Study of the Injuries Sustained in Telephone Mediated Lightning Strike., Proc Int. Conf. Lightn. Stat. Elec., Pub by NOAA Nat Sev Storms Lab, Oklahoma, April 1988.

Andrews,C.J., and Colquhoun,D., Prolongation of the QT Interval in Lightning Injury with Implications for the `Cessation of Metabolism' Hypothesis, 4th Int. Conf Lightn. Stat. Elec., Proc. Publ. NASA, Cocoa Beach Florida, 1991.

Andrews, C J, Ishikawa, T, et al, International Safety and Rescue Guide Against Lightning, Proc LM97, Chamonix, 1997.

Anon., Lightning and Boats, Mich Sea Grant College Prog., pamphlet 8pp, funded by NOAA, Dept Commerce State of Michigan.

Anon., Lightning, Br Med J., p181, 26 Oct 1974.

Anon., Lightning Injuries Assessment and Prevention, Postg. Med., 83(8), 108-12, 1988.

Anon., Telephonists and Thunderstorms, Aust. Min. Std., p257, 28 Sept 1899, Univ Qld Microfiche 6473.

Anon., Like Lightning, Electr. World & Wire. World, (1708):190-5, Mar 1995.

Anon., Death by Lightning, Lancet, p230, 29 Jan 1979.

Anttonen O. Palomaki P., Salama ja sydan., Duodecim. 105(13 14):1266 8, 1989.

Apfelberg, D.B., Masters, F.W., and Robinson, D.W., Pathophysiology of Treatment of Lightning Injuries, J. Trauma, 14(6): 453, 1974.

Appel, von G., Todesfalle bei Schweinen durch Blitzschlag im Stall, Dtsch tierartz Wschr., 98:187-90, 1991.

Arboix, A., Massons, J., Oliveras, M., Titus, y F., Mielopatia secundaria a un traumatismo electrico por rayo, Medicina Clinica, 99(3):117-8, 1992.

Arden, G.P., Harrison, S.H., Lister, J., and Maudsley, R.H., Lightning Accident at Ascot, B.M.J., 1:1453, 1956.

& Arweiler DJ; Schrader M, [Lightening strike injuries of the ear], HNO. 1995 Aug; 43(8): 502 5

Ashby, H.T., Loss of Hair due to Lightning, Br. Med. J., 1:307, 1919.

Aslan S, Aydinli B, Ocak T, Akcay M. Lightning: an unusual etiology of gastrointestinal perforation. Burns. 2005 Mar;31(2):237-9.

Aslan S, Yilmaz S, Karcioglu O. Lightning: an unusual cause of cerebellar infarction. Emerg Med J. 2004 Nov;21(6):750-1.

Aslar AK, Soran A, Yildiz Y, Isik Y. Epidemiology, morbidity, mortality and treatment of lightning injuries in a Turkish burns units. Int J Clin Pract. 2001 Oct;55(8):502 4.

Auer, J., Images in Cardiology. Cardiac Involvement in Lightning Strike Injury. Clin Cardiol., 23(5):386, 2000.

Auerbach, P., Lightning Stroke, Top.Emerg.Med., 2:129, 1980.

Augustin AJ, Koch F, Boker T. Macular damage following lightning strikes. Ger J Ophthalmol. 1995 Jul;4(4):214 6.

& Bagger JP [Lightning (and electric) injuries].Ugeskr Laeger. 1997 May 19;159(21):3192. Danish.

Bailey DM, Bartsch P, Cooper MA. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic evidence of increased free radical generation and selective damage to skeletal muscle following lightning injury. High Alt Med Biol. 2003 Fall;4(3):281-9.

Bains N, et al Before lightning strikes.CMAJ. 1998 Jul 28;159(2):163.

Baker, R., Paraplegia as a Result of Lightning Injury, B.M.J, 2: 1464, 1978.

Baptiste, O., Girer, A., Foray, J., Marsigny, B., Les Accidents de Fulguration en Haute montagne, A propos de 29 cas, Chir., 116(1):60-4, 1990.

& Baranova Mia., Mnozhestvennye povrezhdeniia pri porazhenii molniei, Sudebno Meditsinskaia Ekspertiza. 18(1):45 6, 1975 Jan Mar.

Barlow, A.M., 'Broken Backs' in koi carp following lightning strike, Vet. Rec., 133:503, 1993.

Bartholome, C.W., Jacoby, D., and Ramchand, S., Cutaneous Manifestations of Lightning Injury, Arch. Dermatol, 111:1466 8, 1975.

Bedenice D, Hoffman AM, Parrott B, McDonnel J. Vestibular signs associated with suspected lightning strike in two horses. Vet Rec. 2001 Oct 27;149(17):519 22.

& Begoian AG. [Rare case of death from lightning].Sud Med Ekspert. 1983 Jul Sep;26(3):54 5. Russian.

Bellucci, R.J., Traumatic Injuries of the Middle Ear, Otolar. Clin. N. Am., 16(3):633, 1983.

Belsole, R.J., Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: 'gate' closed by lightning, J. Hand Surg., 15(3):523, 1990.

Bennett, B., Lightning Saety, The First Aider, Cramer Sports Med Solns, www.cramersportsmed.com, Spring 2000.

Bennett,B., Lightning Safety Group Recommendations, Am Meteorol Soc, Proc Conf Phoenix AZ, 1998

' Bereznyi VI. [2 cases of auditory analyzer damage by a lightning discharge during a thunderstorm].Zh Ushn Nos Gorl Bolezn. 1971 Nov Dec;31(6):98. Russian.

& Bereznyi VI., Povrezhdeniia organa zreniia vozdeistvii razriada molini., Vestnik Oftalmologii. 1:88 9, 1973.

Berger, K., et al., Uber die Wahrscheinlichkeit und den Mechanismus des Todes bei Bitzeinwirkungen, Bull des SEV/VSE, 69(8):361, 1978.

Bergstrom, L., Neblett, L.M., Sando, I., Hemenway, W.G., and Harrison, G.E., The Lightning Damaged Ear, Arch. Otolaryngol., 100:117, 1974.

Bergstrom, L., Some Pathologies of Sensory and Neural Hearing Loss, Can.J. Otolaryngol., 4(2) Supp 2, 1975.

Bernstein, T., Effects of Electricity and Lightning on Man and Animals, J.For.Sci., 18(1), 1973.

Bernstein, T., Lightning and Power Surge Damage to Appliances, IEEE Trans Ind. Appl., 1A20(6):1507-1512, 1984.

Bernstein, T., Protecting the Royal Navy from Lightning - William Snow Harris and His Struggle with the British Admiralty for Fixed Lightning Conductors, IEEE Trans. Educ., E21(1):7-14, 1978

Bernstein, T., Lightning Deaths and Injury in the United States 1968-81, unpublished data, 1982.

' Betkowski A. Cyran Rymarz A. Kuzniar W., Przypadek oparzenia ucha piorunem., Wiadomosci Lekarskie. 34(16):1401 4, 1981 Aug 15.

Biro, Z., Pamer, Z., Electrical cataract and optic neuropathy, International Ophthalmology, 18(1):43-7, 1994.

Bier M, Chen W, Bodnar E, Lee RC. Biophysical injury mechanisms associated with lightning injury. NeuroRehabilitation. 2005;20(1):53-62.

Blackwell JG.Lightning incriminated in the sudden death of 18 steers.Vet Med Small Anim Clin. 1976 Oct;71(10):1375 7.

Blake Pritchard, E.A., Changes in the Central Nervous System Due to Electrocution, Lancet, 1:1163, 1934.

Blanco Pampin JM, et al. An unusual case of death by lighting.J Forensic Sci. 1997 Sep;42(5):942 4.

Blount, B.W., Lightning Injuries, AFP, 42(2):405-15, 1990.

Blumenthal, R., When Thunder Roars, Go Indoors, S Afr Med J., 96(1):38-9, Jan 2006.

* Boeve MH, Huijben R, Grinwis G, Djajadiningrat-Laanen SC. Visual impairment after suspected lightning strike in a herd of Holstein-Friesian cattle. Vet Rec. 2004 Mar 27;154(13):402-4.

Bondarenko, E., and Clark, R., Electrical Stress on the Rural Cable Network, Telecom Aust. Res. Lab Rpt 7846, Clayton Vic, 1987.

Bouchard O, Derradji M, Queyrel V, Morand P, Buisson M, Bosseray A, Quirin N, Gavazzi G, Leclercq P, Micoud M. [A flash of lightning that makes one anuric] Rev Med Interne. 1999;20 Suppl 2:294s 296s. French.

Bouqueneau, C, Normalisation Internationale, Proc LM97, Chamonix, 1997.

Bourke, D., Harrison, C., Sprung, J., Direction of a lightning strike [letter; comment], Comment on: Zehender, N Engl J Med 1994 May 26;330(21):1492, New England Journal of Medicine. 331(14):953-4, 1994.

Brigham PA, Lightning injuries revisited [letter], Ann Emerg Med. 1995 Oct; 26(4): 528 9

Britt RC, Gannon T, Collins JN, Cole FJ, Weireter LJ, Britt LD. Secondary abdominal compartment syndrome: risk factors and outcomes. Am Surg. 2005 Nov;71(11):982-5.

Brody, F., Lightning - It can strike you in a flash, Saf Tot Hlth Newsl, 5(7):1, 2000.

Browne, B.J., and Gaasch, W.R., Electrical Injuries and Lightning, Emerg Med Clin N Am, 10(2):211-29, 1992.

Brunner D, Staehelin J, Jeker D. Large scale nitrogen oxide plumes in the tropopause region and implications for ozone Science. 1998 Nov 13;282(5392):1305 9.

& Brunner FX., Beidseitige Trommelfellperforation durch Blitzschlagunfall., HNO. 32(10):429 30, 1984 Oct.

Buck, E., Mbane. African Lightning, Nurs. RSA Verpl., 5(1):17-8,1990.

Buechner, H.A., and Rothbaum, J.C., Lightning Stroke Injury A Report of Multiple Casualties from a Single Lightning Bolt, Milit.Med., 126:775, 1961.

Buettner H, Lightning induced ocular injury [letter; comment], Arch Ophthalmol. 1996 Apr; 114(4): 501 2

Bullock, J., Was Saint Paul struck blind and converted by lightning?, Survey of Ophthalmology. 39(2):151-60, 1994.

Bullock, J., The Blindness of St Paul, Ophth AAOO, 85:1044-1053, 1978.

Bunnige M. [2 rare cases of resuscitation] Zentralbl Chir. 2001 Mar;126(3):249. German.

Burda, C.A., Electrocardiographic Changes in Lightning Stroke, Am.Heart.J., 72:521, 1966.

Butler, E.D., and Grant, T.D., Electrical Injuries, with Special Reference to the Upper Extremities, Am. J. Surg., 134:95 101, 1977.

Cabane J.[Multisystemic consequences of lightning strikes in humans].Rev Med Interne. 1998;19 Suppl 2:239s 242s. French.

Campbell Hewson G, et al. Diagnosing death. Death after electric shock and lightning strike is more clear cut than suggested.BMJ. 1997 Feb 8;314(7078):442 3.

Campo, R.V., and Lewis, R.S., Lightning Induced Macular Hole, Am.J. Oph., 97(6): 792, 1984.

Cankaya H, Egeli E, Evliyaoglu Z. Hearing loss caused by lightning strike: case report and review of the literature. J Otolaryngol. 2002 Jun;31(3):181 3.

Cannel, H., Struck by Lightning The Effects upon the Men and Ships of HM Navy, J. Roy. Nav. Med. Serv., 65:165 170, 1979.

Carleton SC. Cardiac problems associated with electrical injury. Cardiol Clin. 1995 May;13(2):263 6.

Carrera-Izquierdo E, Moran-Sanchez JC, Carrera-Izquierdo M, Jimenez-Corral C, Rodriguez-Recio FJ, Ocastegui-Candial JL., [Intracranial haemorrhage secondary to a lightning strike: a case report] Revista de Neurol. 2004 Sep 16-30;39(6):530-2.

Carte AE, Anderson RB, Cooper MA. A large group of children struck by lightning. Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Jun;39(6):665 70.

Castle, W., and Kreft, J., A Survey of Deaths in Rhodesia Caused By Lightning, Cent. Afr. J. Med., 20(5):93-5, 1974.

Cazabon S, Dabbs TR. Lightning induced cataract. Eye. 2000 Dec;14(Pt 6):903 4.

Celikoz B, Isik S, Turegun M, Selmanpakoglu N. An unusual case of lightning strike: full thickness burns of the cranial bones. Burns. 1996 Aug;22(5):417 9.

Chan, Y., and Sivasamboo, R., Lightning Accidents in Pregnancy, J.O.G. Br. Comm., 79:761 1, 1972.

Chandran, M., Lightning Hazards to Human Beings, Proc Nat Sem Lghtn Haz to Men and Env., Reg Eng Coll, Calcutta, 1997.

Chao, T.C., et al., A Study of Lightning Deaths in Singapore, Singapore Med.J., 22(3): 150 157, 1981.

Charlton, R., Diagnosing Death, BMJ, 313:956-7, 19 Oct 1996.

Charlton, R., Author=s Reply to Correspondence on Diagnosing Death, BMJ, 314:443, 1997.

Cheng,T.O.,Lightning Injury Causing Prolongation of the QT Interval, Postgrad. Med. J., 64:335,1988.

Cherington M, Yarnell PR, Lane J, Anderson L, Lines G. Lightning induced injury on an airplane: coronal discharge and ball lightning. J Trauma. 2002 Mar;52(3):579 81.

Cherington M. Hazards of bicycling: from handlebars to lightning. Semin Neurol. 2000;20(2):247 53.

Cherington M, Kurtzman R, Krider EP, Yarnell PR. Mountain medical mystery. Unwitnessed death of a healthy young man, caused by lightning. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2001 Sep;22(3):296 8.

Cherington M. Lightning injuries in sports: situations to avoid. Sports Med. 2001;31(4):301 8.

Cherington, M., Lightning Injuries, Ann Emerg Med, 25:516-9, 1995.

Cherington, M, Lightning Injuries in Sports, Sports Med, 31(4):301-8, 2001.

Cherington, M., Yarnell, P., Lammereste, D., Lightning Strikes: Nature of Neurological Damage in Patients Evaluated in Hospital Emergancy Departments, Ann Emerg Med, 21(5):575-8, 1992.

Cherington, M., Yarnell, P., and Hallmark, D., MRI in Lightning Encephalopathy, Neurology, 43(7):1437-8, 1993.

Cherington M, Lightning and transportation., Semin Neurol. 1995 Dec; 15(4): 362 6.

Cherington M, Central nervous system complications of lightning and electrical injuries., Semin Neurol. 1995 Sep; 15(3): 233 40.

Cherington M; Yarnell PR; London SF, Neurologic complications of lightning injuries., West J Med. 1995 May; 162(5): 413 7

Cherington, M., Yarnell, P., Todd, H., Lightning injury and glioma, Injury, 25(10):687-8, 1994.

Cherington M, et al A bolt from the blue: lightning strike to the head. Neurology. 1997 Mar;48(3):683 6. (see correspondence, Sweeney, P, Neurology, 50, March 1998, p830)

Cherington, M., and Vervalin, C., Lightning Injuries - Who is at Greatest Risk?, Phys Sports Med, 18(8):59-61, 1990.

Cherington, M., Martorano, F., Siebuhr L., Stieg R., Yarnell, P., Childhood lightning injuries on the playing field. Journal of Emergency Medicine, 12(1):39-41, 1994.

Cherington M More on MRI of lightning injury.J Okla State Med Assoc. 1997 Feb;90(2):74.

Cherington M; Mathys K, Deaths and injuries as a result of lightning strikes to aircraft., Aviat Space Environ Med. 1995 Jul; 66(7): 687 9

Cherington, M., Yarnell, P., Cherington, C., Lightning, Leyden jar, and the historic beginnings of electrophysiology, Muscle & Nerve, 17(8):951-2, 1994.

Cherington M, et al Could lightning injury be magnetically induced?Lancet. 1998 Jun 13;351(9118):1788.

Cherington M; Yarnell PR; London SF, Neurologic complications of lightning injuries., West J Med. 1995 May; 162(5): 413 7

Cherington, M., Breed, D., Yarnell, P., Smith, W., Lightning Injuries during snowy conditions, Br J Sports Med, 32(4):333-5, 1998.

Cherington M. James Parkinson: links to Charcot, Lichtenbergh, and lightning. Arch Neurol. 2004 Jun;61(6):977.

Cherington, M., Sherlock Holmes: Neurologist?, Neurol., 37:824-5, 1987.

Cherington, M., Neurological Manifestations of Lightning Strikes, Neurology, 60(2):185, 2003.

Cherington M. Spectrum of neurologic complications of lightning injuries. NeuroRehabilitation. 2005;20(1):3-8.

Cherington M. Neurorehabilitation of the multifaceted and complicated neurologic problems associated with lightning and electrical injuries. NeuroRehabilitation. 2005;20(1):1-2.

Cherington M, Yarnell PR. Re: ball lightning injuries. Ann Plast Surg. 2003 Nov;51(5):525; author reply 525-6.

Cherington M, Yarnell PR. Ball lightning encephalopathy. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2003 May-Jun;24(3):175.

Cherington M, Olson S, Yarnell PR. Lightning and Lichtenberg figures. Injury. 2003 May;34(5):367-71.

Cherington M More on MRI of lightning injury.J Okla State Med Assoc. 1997 Feb;90(2):74.

Chia, B.L., Electrocardiographic Abnormalities and Congestive Cardiac Failure due to Lightning Stroke, Cardiol., 68:49 53, 1981.

Christensen, J.A., Sherman, R.T., Balis, G.A., and Waumett, J.D., Delayed Neurological Injury Secondary to high voltage Current, with Recovery, J. Trauma, 20(2):166 8, 1980.

* Clark RO, Brigham JK. Death from lightning. 1872 [classical article Wilderness Environ Med. 2002 Summer;13(2):161 2; discussion 158 60. No abstract available.

Clore, E.R., and House, M.A., Prevention and Treatment of Lightning Injuries, Nurs. Pract., 12(12):37 45, 1987.

Coates, L, Blong, R, Siciliano, Lightning Fatalities in Australia, 1824-1991, Nat Haz, 8:217-33, 1993.

Cohen JA, Autonomic nervous system disorders and reflex sympathetic dystrophy in lightning and electrical injuries., Semin Neurol. 1995 Dec; 15(4): 387 90.

Cohen MA. Clinical pearls: struck by lightning. Cutaneous manifestation of lightning strike ("splash"). Acad Emerg Med. 2001 Sep;8(9):893, 929 31.

Cohen, R, United States Practices to protect People and Equipment Against Lightning, Proc In Conf At Elec, Osaka, Japan, 1996.

Coleman, T., Death by Lightning, Gen.Pract., 37:81, 1968, quoted in Bergstrom (1974).

Connole, J.V., Lightning and Electric Cataract, Pa. Med. J., 38:939-42, 1935.

Conrad, L., Clinical Update on Lightning Injuries, J Wild Env Med., 9:217-22, 1998.

& Contreras Martinez D., Despolarizocion miocardica producida por el rayo. Presentacion de un caso clinico., Archivos del Instituto de Cardiologia de Mexico. 41(2):220 6, 1971 Mar Apr.

Cooper, M.A., Lightning Injuries: Prognostic Signs for Death, Ann. Emerg. Med., 9:134, 1980.

Cooper, M.A., Lightning Injuries, Em.Med.Clin.N.Am., 1(3):639, 1983a.

Cooper, M.A., Lightning Injuries: Don't be Confused, J Int Care Med, 3(6):287-9, 1988.

Cooper, M.A., Lightning Injuries, Chapter 18, pp. 500 521, in Auerbach, P., et al., Management of Wilderness and Environmental Emergencies, McMillan, N.Y., 1983.

Cooper, M.A., Lightning Strikes, Ann. Emerg. Med., 12:113, 1983.

Cooper MA, Marshburn S. Lightning Strike and Electric Shock Survivors, International. NeuroRehabilitation. 2005;20(1):43-7.

Cooper, M.A., Andrews, C.J., and ten Duis, H.J., Psychological Aspects of Lightning Injury, in Borisenkov, E., Proc. 9th Int. Conf. Atmosph. Elec., June 15-19, 1992, A.I. Voeikov Main Geoplys Observ., St. Petersburg, pIII-858.

Cooper MA, Emergent care of lightning and electrical injuries., Semin Neurol. 1995 Sep; 15(3): 268 78.

Cooper MA, Myths, miracles, and mirages., Semin Neurol. 1995 Dec; 15(4): 358 61.

Cooper, M.A., and Andrews, C.J., Electrical and Lightning Injuries, in Auerbach, P., Management of Wilderness and Environmental Emergencies, 3rd edn., C.V. Mosby, USA, 1995.

Cooper, M.A., and Andrews, C.J., Electrical and Lightning Injuries, in Auerbach, P., Management of Wilderness and Environmental Emergencies, 4th edn., C.V. Mosby, USA, 2000.

Cooper, M.A., Electrical and Lightning Injuries, Em.Med.Clin.N.Am., 2(3):489, 1984.

Cooper, M.A., Chronic Pain Syndrome in a Lightning Victim, Proc. ICOLSE, Williamsburg, Va., Sept, 1995.

Cooper, M.A., Andrews, C.J., Lightning Injuries, Disease-a-Month, Dec 1997, 871-892.

Cooper, M.A., Holle, R., Lopez, R., Recommendations for Lightning Safety, JAMA, 282(12):1132-3, 1999.

Cooper, M A, A Fifth Mechanism of Lightning Injury, Proc ICLD, Tucson Az, 2001.

Cooper MA. A fifth mechanism of lightning injury. Acad Emerg Med. 2002 Feb;9(2):172 4.

Cooper MA, Holle R, Lopez R. Recommendations for lightning safety. JAMA. 1999 Sep 22 29;282(12):1132 3.

Cooper, M. A., and Andrews, C.J., Disability, not Death, is the Issue in Lightning Injury, Proc ICOLSE, Seattle, WA, Boeing, 2005.

* Coubrough V, Warnell P. The neurological complications of electrical injury: a nursing case management perspective. Axone. 2002 Jun;23(4):14 22.

Courtman SP, Wilson PM, Mok Q. Case report of a 13-year-old struck by lightning. Paediatr Anaesth. 2003 Jan;13(1):76-9.

Cox, R.A.F., Lightning and Electrical Injury, J. Roy. Soc. Med., 85:591-2, 1992.

Craig, S.R. When lightning strikes. Pathophysiology and treatment of lightning injuries, Postgrad Med 79(4):109 12, 121 4, 1986.

Crawford, A.S., and Hoopes, B.F., The Surgical Aspects of Lightning Stroke, Surgery, 9:80, 1941.

Critchley, , M., Injuries from electricity and Lightning, Br. Med. J., Dec. 21, 1935, p217 8.

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