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Daily Digest Archive for January 13, 2003

QUIZ-OF-THE-WEEK QUESTION FOR STUDENTS
Q: What did Italian engineer Candido Jacuzzi invent in 1968?

January 13, 2003
A: FROM MENTEES ALEXIS K. IN VA, AMY N. IN MN, ANDREA G. IN WA, ANGELICA L. IN WA, ANNE M. IN CA, ASHLEY S. IN TN, BRANDY S. IN MO, CHI H., ERIKA G. IN CA, ERIN R. IN KY, IVY H. IN WA, JENNY N. IN AR, JESSICA D. IN VT, KATHRYN T. IN VA, KELLY B. IN PA, KELLY V. IN NJ, KERALA H. IN CA, KHANDIS C. IN TX, KIMMIKKA C. IN MO, LISA R. IN PA, MAGGIE K. IN CT, MIA M. IN CA, RACHELLE C. IN PA, REBECCA Z. IN CA, RUTH O. IN NH, SARAH D. IN IL, TIERRA P. IN MO, TRINAYIA A. IN MO

Candido Jacuzzi was born in northern Italy in 1903 and emigrated with his
family, fifteen strong, to the United States early in the century. The
family settled in Berkeley, California, becoming machinists. Candido, the
youngest of seven brothers, would never complete grammar school.

The first Jacuzzi Brothers, Inc. product was an airplane propeller known as
the Jacuzzi 'toothpick.' America's first military planes sported the
specialized propeller in World War I. When World War I came to a close the
brothers designed the Jacuzzi J-7, a cabin-style monoplane that was adapted
to the delivery of domestic mail. The machinists followed with a
breakthrough development of submersible pumps that opened markets worldwide
to Jacuzzi. Factories sprouted in Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Chile and Italy.
More than 200 industrial patents are today held by the Jacuzzis.

In 1943 Candido's 15-month old son contracted rheumatoid arthritis, leaving
the boy crippled and distorted with pain. The boy received regular
hydrotherapy treatments at local hospitals but Candido could not stand to
see his son suffering between the therapeutic visits. He realized that the
water pumps Jacuzzi Brothers was making for industrial use could be adapted
to give his son soothing whirlpool treatments in the tub at home.

In 1948 Jacuzzi designed an aerating pump that could be used in a bathtub.
The unit sat right in the water and was portable, able to be moved from one
bathtub to another. Over the years, word of these water jets reached
sufferers who sought the same home relief provided by the portable whirlpool
and Jacuzzi manufactured some for special orders.

In 1955 the firm decided to market the Jacuzzi whirlpool bath as a
therapeutic aid, selling it in drugstores and bath supply shops. To generate
a little publicity for the unknown product portable Jacuzzis were included
in the gifts showered on contestants on TV's Queen for a Day. It was pitched
as relief for the worn-down housewife but when Hollywood stars like Randolph
Scott and Jayne Mansfield, who were decidedly not worn-down, began offering
testimonials the Jacuzzi started to acquire its legendary allure.

In 1968 Jacuzzi invented and brought to market the first self-contained,
fully integrated whirlpool bath by incorporating jets into the sides of the
tub. A new industry and era of whirlpool bathing pleasure was born. The
Jacuzzi became a symbol of the sybaritic lifestyle. Hundreds of thousands of
Jacuzzi portables were installed, both indoors and outdoors, at recreation
centers and private homes. No self-respecting hotel suite could be rented
without a Jacuzzi and in many places a Jacuzzi is standard in new homes
.
But the whirlpool bath was still mostly a sidelight at Jacuzzi Brothers. By
far the bulk of Jacuzzi revenues came from sales of water pumps, marine jets
and swimming pool equipment.

 

END