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Education and Training in the United States and the World

This section provides information on education and training for women and girls in the United States and the world, including information on women working in schools and higher education.

See also Education and Training in Illinois and Education and Training in Chicago.


Contents

Girls in K-12 Schools
Women in Higher Education
Women Working in Schools and Higher Education
Educational Attainment of Women
School-based Sports and Gender Equity
Policy
Organizations for General Information


Currently the bulk of statistical findings on the education of US women and girls comes primarily from two main sources: the US Census and the National Center for Educational Statistics. Most other projects will utilize the data from these main sources. Most of the information found from these sources is not disaggregated by gender.
US Census Bureau
http://www.census.gov/
When you look under subject headings of the census, the only item related to women is "women owned businesses." There are however gender-specific data that can be found by extensive searching as we have done to include some of the information on the RIN pages that follow.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
http://nces.ed.gov/index.html
The Purpose of the Center is to collect and report "...statistics and information showing the condition and progress of education in the United States and other nations in order to promote and accelerate the improvement of American education." Much of the data is not broken down by gender.

Girls in K-12 Schools

U.S. Census Bureau: School Enrollment
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/school.html
[a subpage of the Census Bureau home page on education: http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/education.html]
Includes information with gender breakdown on:
  • Persons 6 to 17 Years Old Enrolled Below Modal Grade: 1971 to 1995
  • Annual High School Dropout Rates by Sex, Race, Grade, and Hispanic Origin; October 1967 to 1995

General Data on Girls in Elementary and Secondary Schools
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/d96/Chaptr2.htm
[A subpage of the Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 1996]

Student victimization in schools
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/95204.html
[a report of National Center for Education Statistics http://nces.ed.gov/]
Includes information with gender breakdown.

Tech-Savvy: Educating Girls in the New Computer Age (2000)
A report by the American Association of University Women Educational Foundation. Executive Summary available at: http://www.aauw.org/2000/techsexecsum.html

International

United Nations Education Information Service
http://www.education.unesco.org

Women in Higher Education

General Data on Women in Higher Education
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/d96/Chaptr3.htm
[A subpage of the Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 1997]
To find information on gender, use "find" button to search document for "women."

Searchable Database on Women's Studies programs
http://www.library.uiuc.edu/wst/search3.htm
Created and maintained by the University of Illinois Women's Studies/WID Library and c0-sponsored by NWSA.

Low Income Undergraduates in Post-secondary Education
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/95161hi.html
Highlights make no mention of status of women. However some of tables listed do break down by gender as in the following examples:

  • Percentage distribution of undergraduates according to income status, by selected student and institutional characteristics: 1992-93 http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/95161in.html#table01
  •                                 Low income         Not low income
                  Total                 20.2                79.8
                  Male                  17.9                82.1
                  Female                21.9                78.1
  • Percentage distribution of undergraduates according to selected student and institutional characteristics, by income and dependency status: 1992-93 http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/95161cos.html#table03a
  •                                          Low income
                                                            Independent
                 All   Not low                    Single    with
              students income  Total Dependent independent  dependents
          
    Total       100.0  100.0   100.0  100.0    100.0       100.0
    Male         44.5   45.6    39.5   44.0     55.0        25.0
    Female       55.5   54.4    60.5   56.0     45.0        75.0

Women Working in Schools and in Higher Education

International

United Nations Education Information Service
http://www.education.unesco.org



Percentage of voters who think teachers should be required to take drug tests.....80 [1]

Educational Attainment of Women

Enrollment data
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/digest97/d970001.html
[a subpage of the Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 1997] http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/school.html
[a subpage of the Census Bureau home page on education http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/education.html]
Includes information with gender breakdown on:
  • School Enrollment of Persons 3 to 34 Years Old, by Level and Control of School, Race, and Hispanic Origin: October 1955 to 1995

  • Percentage of Persons 3 to 34 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: October 1947 to 1995

Educational attainment data
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/digest97/d970001.html
[a subpage of the Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 1997] http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/educ-attn.html
[a subpage of the Census Bureau home page on education http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/education.html]
Includes information on:

  • Years of School Completed by People 25 Years Old and Over, by Age and Sex: Selected years 1940 to 1996

  • Percent of People 25 Years Old and Over Who Have Completed High School or College, by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex: Selected Years 1940 to 1996

  • Mean Earnings of Workers 18 Years Old and Over, by Educational Attainment, by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex: 1975 to 1996
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96768.html
Report can be downloaded if you have Adobe Acrobat reader software, or it can be ordered by mail.

Field of training data
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/fld-of-trn.html
[a subpage of the Census Bureau home page on education http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/education.html]
Includes information on:

  • Highest Degree Earned, by Sex, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age: Spring 1993

  • Four-Month Average Income, Earnings, Work Activity, and Educational Attainment, by Sex, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age: Spring 1993

  • Highest Degree and Field of Degree, by Sex, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age for Persons With Post-Secondary Degrees: Spring 1993

  • Average Monthly Income, Earnings, and Work Activity, by Level and Field of Degree: Spring 1993

  • Time Spent Earning Bachelor's Degree in Years, by Field of Degree, Sex, Race, Hispanic Origin and Age: Spring 1993

  • Primary Occupation, by Degree and Field For Persons 18 to 64 Years: Spring 1993

  • Characteristics of Persons With Work-Related Training: Spring 1993

Outcomes of Education
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/digest97/d970005.html
[A subpage of the Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 1997]. Includes information on:

  • Life Goals
  • Income
To find gender-specific information, use "find" button and search term "women."

Math and Science Educational Attainment
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97982.html
This report includes online text and graphs on women's participation in math and science from elementary school through graduate school. Also includes information on how to order a paper version.

Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 1998
http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf99338/
Ninth in a series of congressionally mandated biennial reports on the status of women and minorities in science and engineering. Available in HTML and Adobe Acrobat PDF.

Representation of women and minorities in undergraduate engineering enrollments
http://www.nsf.gov:80/sbe/srs/seind98/c2/fig02-10.htm
From the National Science Foundation's Science and Engineering Indicators: 1998.

International

United Nations Education Information Service
http://www.education.unesco.org

Bachelor Degree Attainment: International Comparisons
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/digest97/d970006.html
[A subpage of the Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 1997]. To find gender-specific information, use "find" button and search term "women."

Education and Health
http://www.populationaction.org/programs/gendergap.htm
"Closing the gender gap: educating girls" is a report on research by Population Action International (PAI). Rates countries on how well girls are educated. Believes education related to women's health and family planning. Most of PAI's research is on family planning.

School-based sports and gender equity

Gender Equity in Sports
http://www.arcade.uiowa.edu/proj/ge/statistics.htm
Includes statistical information on:


Minimum "Rookie" Salary for the Women's National Basketball League in 1999......$25,000
Minimum "Rookie" Salary for the National Basketball League in 1990......$287,500 [1]

Registered Women Hockey Players in the United States in 1990.....6,336
Registered Women Hockey Players in the United States in 1998.....27,273 [1]

Points by which the natinal Nielsen rating of the 1999 Women's World Cup exceeded that of the NBA Finals ...2 [1]

Policy

Votenet
http://www.votenet.com/
Votenet is an online community serving politicians, candidates, and citizens alike: Democrats, Republicans, or any political party; conservatives or liberals; federal, state, or local candidates; presidents, senators, or representatives. Votenet is the place for FREE campaign software and other online political services.

Organizations for General Information

American Association of University Women (AAUW)
http://www.aauw.org
AAUW promotes equity for all women and girls, life-long education, and positive societal change. AAUW's Educational Foundation provides funds to advance education, research, and self-development of women, and to foster equity and positive societal change.

Enrollment data
http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/digest97/d970001.html
[a subpage of the Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 1997]

Educational Resources for Illinois
http://www.ed.gov/Programs/state.cgi?344,166
Supported by the U.S. Department of Education
This web page contains hypertext links or pointers to information created or maintained by other public and private organizations. Most not gender equity specific with the exception of:

Programs for Educational Opportunity
http://www.umich.edu/~eqtynet
Assists school districts and education agencies with issues related to educational equity in the areas of race, national origin, and gender desegregation. The Center serving Illinois is:

    Equity Assistance Center
    Percy Bates, Director
    University of Michigan
    1005 School of Education
    Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1259
    (734) 763-9910
    FAX: (734) 763-2137
    E-mail: eqty@umich.edu

Date Last Updated: 8/21/2000

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[1] Office for Women's Affairs, Indiana University, "Majority Report Index," Majority Report 13, no. 1 (October 1999), p. 8, http://www.indiana.edu/~owa/MR/mroct99.pdf (14 June 2000).