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Work and Poverty in the United States

The section on work and poverty includes links to information about a variety of topics having to do with women's participation in the labor market, welfare, and poverty.

See also Work and Poverty in Illinois and Work and Poverty in Chicago.


Women's Participation in the Labor Market
Women Entrepreneurs
Work and Child Care
Welfare and Poverty
Organizations for General Information

Most of the data in this section come from very large governmental data sites, mainly the U.S Department of Labor and the U.S. Census Bureau. These sites are very complex but contain a tremendous amount of useful data. They offer search functions to make the task of finding specific information easier. Below is a very general introduction to these sites, how they are connected to each other, and what can make your search more efficient.

The U.S. Department of Labor

The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) homepage has a search button allowing you to search almost anything having to do with DOL. There is also online help for conducting an effective search.

DOL is made up of several bureaus (see for a list). Two of these are listed below.

The U.S. Census Bureau

The Census pages are easy and fun to use. They employ a lot of graphic images that make the site more user friendly but also require a fast computer to handle these more complicated files.

Women's Participation in the Labor Market

Selections from the Current Population Survey (CPS) Publications page:

Women Entrepreneurs

Office of Small Business Programs
National Foundation for Women Business Owners
The National Foundation for Women Business Owners (NFWBO) is a nonprofit research and leadership development foundation. NFWBO is recognized as the premier source of information and intelligence on women business owners and their enterprises by corporations, policy makers, financial institutions and the media. Below are listed some of their press releases. (Full reports must be bought from NFWBO.)
U.S. Small Business Administration
Office of Advocacy - Women in Business


Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration

Employment and Training Administration

Women's Bureau Fair Pay Clearing House
Fact sheets on women in the workplace

Current Population Survey Detailed Tables on Health Insurance Coverage (includes information on gender, age, ethnicity/race, and education)

Women's Earnings as Percent of Men's, 1979-1997

Women as a proportion of employed scientists and engineers, by sector of employment: 1995
From the National Science Foundation.

Proportion of women in the Science and Engineering workforce, by broad occupation: 1995
From the National Science Foundation.

Percent increase in women's wages from 1979 to 1996...10.2 [1]

Work and Child Care

"What Works!: The Final Working Women Count Honor Roll Report"
"Reflects the commitment of organizations across the United States who have heard what working women say they need - better pay and benefits, balance between work and family responsibilities, and more respect and opportunity on the job - and responded!"

Care Around the Clock: Developing Child Care Resources Before 9 and After 5
Directory of Non-Traditional Training and Employment Programs Serving Women


The U.S. Census Poverty Page will point you in a number of directions, including statistics, tables, general information, and a search tool to further specify your search interests.

Current Population Survey (CPS) Publications

Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Children's Defense Fund report "Welfare to What?"
CDF and the National Coalition for the Homeless have released a joint report showing that, although more families are moving from welfare to work, many of them are faring worse than before. Many former recipients lack food, needed medical care, and stable housing. Among recipients who find jobs, 71 percent earn below the three-person poverty level ($250 per week). The 67-page report, titled Welfare to What?: Early Findings on Family Hardship and Well-Being compiles more than 30 state and local studies and presents new national and local findings. While highlighting many positive state programs, the report also catalogs troubling state practices that cause families to move from welfare to worse.

Economic Research Service Report -- Changes in the Social and Economic Status of Women by Metro - Nonmetro Residence


United States Department of Labor: Laws and Regulations
Laws, regulations and statutes concerning labor.

Organizations for General Information

OSHA Workplace Injury and Illness Statistics
Occupational Safety and Health Administration data on workplace injuries and illnesses. Some reports are in Adobe Acrobat .pdf files. (NOTE: You may need to download and install Adobe Acrobat to be able to access some documents.)
Date Last Updated: 8/21/2000

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[1] Office for Women's Affairs, Indiana University, "Majority Report Index," Majority Report 13, no. 1 (October 1999), p. 8, (14 June 2000).