WHO Collaborating Center for Traditional Medicine

College of Pharmacy
masthead

Publications

The UIC WHO Collaborating Centre on Traditional Medicine
Herbal Medicine/Botanical Dietary Supplements Publications


I. Reviews and Articles of General Interest to Traditional Medicine


  1. Farnsworth N, Krause EC, van Breemen RB, Pauli GF, Bolton JL, Graham JG. UIC/NIH Center for Botanical Dietary Supplements Research for Women's Health: From plant to clinical use. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2008, 87(2):504S-8S.
  2. van Breemen RB, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR. The role of quality assurance and standardization in the safety of botanical dietary supplements. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2007, 20:577-585.
  3. Mahady GB, Doyle B, Locklear T, Yue Huang. Herbal Medicines for the treatment of Infectious Diseases, In: The Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine in Clinical Practice, RR Watson, Preedy VR, eds. Cabi Publishers, London, 2007.
  4. Soejarto DD, Gyllenhaal C, Tarzikan-Sorensen JA, Fong HHS, Xuan LT, Binh LT, Hiep NT, Hung NV, Vu BM, Bich TQ, SouthavongB, Sydara K, Pezzuto JM. Bioprospecting arrangement:Experience between the North and the South. In: Krattiger A, RT Mahoney, L Nelsen, JA Thomson, AB Bennett, K Satyanarayana, GD Graff, C Fernandez and SP Kowalski (eds.). Intellectual Property Management in Health and Agricultural Innovation: A Handbook of Best Practices. MIHR: Oxford, U.K., and PIPRA: Davis, U.S.A. 2007. Available online at http://www.iphandbook.org/.
  5. Leung P-C, Fong H., eds. Annals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Vol. 3. Alternative Treatment for Cancer. World Scientific, Singapore, 2007.
  6. Geller SE, Studee L. Botanical and dietary supplements for mood and anxiety in menopausal women. Journal of The North American Menopause Society. 2007, 14(3): 541-549.
  7. Chadwick LR, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR. The pharmacognosy of Humulus lupulus L. (hops) with an emphasis on estrogenic properties. Phytomedicine. 2006, 13(1-2):119-31.
  8. Booth NL, Piersen CE, Banuvar S, Geller SE, Shulman LP, Farnsworth NR. Clinical studies of red clover (Trifolium pratense) dietary supplements in menopause: a literature review. Menopause. 2006, 13(2):251-64.
  9. Leung P-C, Fong H, Xue CC., eds. Annals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Vol. 2. Current Review of Chinese Medicine. World Scientific, Singapore, 2006.
  10. Chadwick L, Fong HHS. Herb quality assurance and standardization in herb-drug interaction evaluation and documentation. In: Lam YWF, Huang S-M, Hall SD, eds. Herbal Supplement – Drug Interactions. New York, Marcel Dekker, 2006.
  11. Fong HHS, Pauli GF, Bolton JL, van Breemen RB, Banuvar S, Shulman L, Geller SE, Farnsworth NR. Evidence-based herbal medicine: Challenges in efficacy and safety assessments. In: Leung P-C, Fong H, Xue CC, eds. Current Review of Chinese Medicine, Annals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Vol. 2. World Scientific, Singapore, 2006.
  12. Mahady GB. Botanical Dietary Supplements for Coronary Heart Disease. UNESCO. Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK 2006.
  13. Booth N, Piersen CE, Banuvar S, Geller SE, Shulman LP, Farnsworth NR. Clinical studies of red clover (Trifolium pratense) dietary supplements in menopause: a literature review. Menopause. 2006, 13(2): 251-264.
  14. Bauer R, Dietz B, Mahady G.B. Botanicals for Pediatrics. In: Pediatric nutrition in chronic diseases and developmental disorders: Prevention, assessment, and treatment. Ekvall SW, Ekvall VK, eds. Oxford University Press, New York, 2005.
  15. Mahady GB, Dietz, B., Engle J, Michel J., Sagraves R. Vitex agnus castus. Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements, published by Marcel Dekker, Inc, 01/28/2005, pp 95-103.
  16. Mahady GB, Dietz, B., Engle J, Sagraves R. Cascara sagrada. Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements, published by Marcel Dekker, Inc. 01/28/2005, pp 89-93.
  17. Mahady G.B. Scientific and official information resources for Botanical Dietary Supplements. In: M Maffei, ed., Dietary Supplements of Plant Origin, Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, 2003.
  18. Fong HHS, Bauman JL. Hawthorn in cardiovascular disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2002, 16(4):1-8.
  19. Fong HHSF. Integration of herbal medicine into modern medical practices: issues and prospects. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 2002, 1(3): 287-293.
  20. Mahady GB, Qato DM, Gyllenhaal CG, Chadwick L, Fong HHS. Echinacea: Recommendations for its use in prophylaxis and treatment of respiratory tract infections. Nutrition and Clinical Care, 2001, 4(4):199-208.
  21. Mahady GB, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR. Botanical Dietary Supplements: Quality, Safety and Efficacy. Lisse, Swets & Zeitlinger, 2001
  22. Mahady, GB. World Health and International Collaboration in Traditional Medicine and Medicinal Plant Research. In: What will Influence the Future of Alternative Medicine? A World Perspective. Ed. D. Eskinazi, World Scientific Publishers, Singapore, 2001.
  23. Hall T, Lu Z-Z, Yat PN, Fitzloff JF, Arnason JT, Awang DVC, Fong HHS, Blumenthal M. Evaluation of consistency of standardized Asian ginseng products in the ginseng evaluation program. HerbalGram, 2001, 52:31-45.
  24. Mahady GB, Gyllenhaal CG, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR. Ginsengs: A review of safety and efficacy. Nutrition and Clinical Care, 3(2):90-101, 2000.

 

II. Research Publications 1998-2008


2008

Chan S S-K, Zhao M, Lao L, Fong HHS, Che C-T. Magnolol and honoliol account for the antispasmodic effect of Magnolia officinalis in isolated guinea pig ileum. Planta Medica, 2008 (in press)

van Breemen RB, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR. Ensuring the safety of botanical dietary supplements. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (Supplement). 2008, 7(2):509S-513S.

2007

Chen S-N, Lankin D, Nikolic D, Fabricant DS, Lu Z-Z, Ramirez B, van Breemen RB, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF. Chlorination diversifies Cimicifuga racemosa triterpene glycosides. Journal of Natural Products. 2007, 70: 1016-1023.

Dietz B, Bolton JL. Botanical dietary supplements gone bad. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2007, 20: 586-590.

Li WXX, Zhang H, Ma C, Fong H, van Breemen R, Fitzloff J. (2007). Secondary metabolites from Andrographis paniculata. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 2007, 55: 455-8.

Overk CR, Pang Y, Chen S, Deng S, Imai A, Main M, Schinkovitz A, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF, Bolton JL. High content screening and mechanism-based evaluation of estrogenic botanical extracts. Combinatorial Chemistry and High Through-put Screening. 2007, (in press).

Overk CR, Guo J, Chadwick LR, Lantvit DD, Minassi A, Appendino G, Lankin DC, Pauli GF, van Breemen RB, Farnsworth NR, Bolton JL. "In vivo estrogenic comparisons of Trifolium pratense (red clover) Humulus lupulus (hops), and the pure compounds isoxanthohumol and 8-prenylanringenin. Menopause. 2007, (in press).

Pang Y, Nikolic D, Zhu D, Chadwick LR, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF, van Breemen RB. Binding of the hop (Humulus Lupulus L.) chalcone xanthohumol to cytosolic proteins in Caco-2 intestinal epithelial cells. Pharmaceutical Research 2007, 51: 872-879.

Qiu SX, Dan C, Ding L-S, Peng S, Chen S-N, Farnsworth NR,. Jan Nolta MLG, Zhou P. A Triterpene glycoside from black cohosh that inhibits osteoclastogenesis by Modulating RANKL and TNF alpha signaling pathways. Chemistry and Biology. 2007, 14(7): 860-869.

Turner A, Chen S-N, Nikolic D, van Breemen RB, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF. Coumaroyl iridoids and a depside from cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon). Journal of Natural Products. 2007, 70(2): 253-258.

Astle J, German JB, Harrigan G, Kelleher N, Singletary K, Mahady GB. Characterization of Proteomic and Metabolomic Responses to Dietary Factors and Supplements, Journal of Nutrition. 2007, 137(12):2787-93.

Doyle, BJ, Mahady GB. Phytotherapies for Menopause, Drugs of the Future. 2007, 32 (10) 897-905.

Locklear TD, Doyle BJ, Caceres A, Perez A, Mahady GB. Menopause, a universal female experience, Lessons from Central America. Current Reviews in Women’s Health. 2007; 2:1-10.

Michel J, Duarte RE, Bolton JL, Huang Y, Caceres A, Veliz M, Soejarto DD, Mahady GB. Medical potential of plants used by the Q'eqchi Maya of Livingston, Guatemala for the treatment of women's health complaints. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2007;114(1):92-101.

2006

Xie J-T, Chang W-T, Wang C-Z, Mehendale SR, Li J, Ambihaipahar R, Ambihaipahar U, Fong HHS, Yuan C-S. Curry leaf (Murraya koenigii Spreng.) reduces blood cholesterol and glucose levels in ob/ob mice. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine. 2006, 34: 279–284.

Booth NL, Overk CR, Yao P, Totura S, Deng Y, Hedayat, AS, Bolton JL, Pauli, GF, Farnsworth NR. "Seasonal variation of red clover (Trifolium pratense L./ Fabaceae) Isoflavones and estrogenic activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2006, 54(4): 1277.

Booth NL, Overk CR, Yao P, Burdette JE, Nikolic D, Chen S, Bolton JL, van Breemen RB, Pauli, GF, Farnsworth NR. "The chemical and biological profile of a red clover (Trifolium pratense) phase II clinical extract. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2006, 12(2):133-139.

Chadwick LR, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR. The pharmacognosy of Humulus lupulus L. (hops) with an emphasis on estrogenic properties. Phytomedicine, 2006, 13: 119-131.

Deng S, Chen SN, Yao P, Nikolic D, van Breemen RB, Bolton JL, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF. Characterization of the serotonergic active principles of Angelica sinensis (Dang Gui) roots. Journal of Natural Products, 2006, 69:536-541.

Deng S, Chen SN, Jian Lu J, Wang ZJ, Nikolic D, van Breemen RB, Bolton JL, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF. A Novel GABAergic phthalide dimer from Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels. Phytochemical Analysis, 2006, 17:398-405.

Guo J, Nikolic D, Chadwick LR, Pauli GF, van Breemen RB. Identification of human hepaticcytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the metabolism of 8-prenylnaringenin and isoxanthohumol from hops (Humulus lupulus L.). Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 2006, 34(7): 1152-1159.

He K, Pauli GF, Zheng B, Wang H, Bai N, Peng T, Roller M, Zheng Q. Cimicifuga species identification by high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array/mass spectrometric/evaporative light scattering detection for quality control of black cohosh products. Journal of Chromatography. 2006, A 21;1112(1-2): 241-54.

Nikolic D, Li Y, van Bremen RB. In vitro studies of intestinal permeability and hepatic and intestinal metabolism of 8-prenylnaringenin, a potent phytoestrogen from hops (Humulus lupulus L.). Pharmaceutical Research. 2006, 23(5): 864-872.

Rhyu M-R, Lu J, Webster DE, Fabricant DS, Farnsworth NR, Wang, ZJ. Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa/ Cimicifuga racemosa) behaves as a mixed competitive ligand and partial agonist at the human mu opiate receptor. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2006, 54(26): 9852-9857.

Webster DE, J. Lu, Chen SN, Farnsworth NR, Wang, ZJ. Activation of the mu-opiate receptor by Vitex agnus-castus methanol extracts: Implication for its use in PMS. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2006,106(2): 216-21.

Michel JL, Mahady GB, Veliz M, Soejarto DD, Caceres A. Symptoms, attitudes and treatment choices surrounding menopause among the Q'eqchi Maya of Livingston, Guatemala. Social Science and Medicine. 2006, 63(3):732-42.

2005

Chadwick LR, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF. CCC sample cutting for isolation of prenylated phenolics from hops. Journal of Liquid Chromatography and Related Technology, 2005, 28: 1959-1969.

Dietz B, Mahady GB, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR. Valerian extracts and valerenic acid are partial agonists of the 5HT5a receptor. Molecular Brain Research. 2005, 138:191-197.

Dietz BM, Kang Y-W, Liu G, Eggler A, Yao P, Chadwick LR, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR, Mesecar A, van Breemen RB, Bolton JL. Xanthohumol isolated from Humulus lupulus Inhibits menadione-induced DNA damage through induction of quinone reductase. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2005, 18(8): 1296-305.

Fabricant DS, Nikolic D, Lankin DC, Chen S-N, Jaki B, Krunic A, van Breemen RB, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Pauli GF. Cimipronidine: a cyclic guanidine alkaloid from Cimicifuga racemosa (L. Nutt). Journal of Natural Products, 2005, 68, 1266-1270.

Hrastinger ADB, Bauer R, Sagraves R, Mahady GB. Is there clinical evidence supporting the use of botanical dietary supplements in children? The Journal of Pediatrics. 2005,146(3): 311-317.

Mahady GB. Black Cohosh (Actaea/Cimicifuga racemosa): Review of the clinical data for safety and efficacy in menopausal symptoms. Treatments in Endocrinology. 2005, 4(3): 177-184.

Nikolic D, Li Y, Chadwick LR, Pauli GF, van Breemen RB. Metabolism of xanthohumol and isoxanthohumol, prenylated flavonoids from hops (Humulus lupulus L.), by human liver microsomes. Journal of Mass Spectrometry. 2005, 40(3): 289-299.

Overk CR, Yao P, Chadwick LR, Cuendet M, Deng Y, Hedayat AS, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR, van Breemen RB, Bolton JL. Comparison of the in vitro estrogenic activities of compounds from hops (Humulus lupulus) and red clover (Trifolium pratense). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2005, 53(16): 6246-6253.

Sun Y, Gu C, Liu X, Liang W, Yao P, Bolton JL, van Breemen RB. Ultrafiltration tandem mass spectrometry of estrogens for characterization of structure and affinity for human estrogen receptors. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry. 2005, 16(2): 271-279.

Turner A, Chen SN, Joike MK, Pendland SL, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR. "Inhibition of uropathogenic Escherichia coli by cranberry juice: a new antiadherence assay. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2005, 16;53(23): 8940-8947.

Mahady GB. Medicinal plants for the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2005, 11:2405-2427.

Mahady GB, Pendland S, Stoia A, Chadwick LR, Hamill FA. In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to botanicals used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Phytotherapy Research, 2005, 19:988-991.

Mahady GB. Does soy cause endometrial hyperplasia? Nutritional Review. 2005, 63:392-397.

Dietz B, Bauer R, Engle J, Sagraves R, Mahady GB. Review of the clinical evidence for the use of botanicals in pediatrics. Journal of Pediatrics. 2005, 146:311-317.

2004

Booth NL, Nikolic D, van Breemen RB, Geller SE, Banuvar S, Shulman LP, Farnsworth NR. Confusion regarding anticoagulant coumarins in dietary supplements. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2004, 76(6): 511-516.

Li W, Sun Y, Van Breemen RB, Fitzloff JF. Evaluation of major caffeic acid derivatives in Echinacea purpurea dietary supplements by HPLC with photodiode array detection and electrospray mass spectrometry. Journal of Liquid Chromotography and Related Technologies. 2004, 27(16): 2507-2529.

Liu J, Burdette J, Sun Y, Deng S, Schlecht SM, Zheng W, Nikolic D, Mahady GB, van Breemen RB, Fong HHS, Pezzuto JM, Bolton JL, Farnsworth NR. Isolation of linoleic acid as an estrogen-like compound from the fruits of Vitex agnus-castus L. (chaste berry). Phytomedicine . 2004, 11:18-23.

Nikolic D, Li Y, Chadwick LR, Grubjesic S, Schwab P, Metz P. van Breemen RB. Metabolism of 8-prenylnaringenin, a potent phytoestrogen from hops (Humulus lupulus), by human liver microsomes. Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 2004, 32(2): 272-9.

Nikolic D. van Breemen RB. New metabolic pathways for flavanones catalyzed by rat liver microsomes. Drug Metabolism and Disposition. 2004, 32(4): 387-97.

Piersen CE, Booth NL, Sun Y, Liang W, Burdette JE, van Breemen RB, Geller SE, Gu C, Banuvar S, Shulman LP, Bolton JL, Farnsworth NR. Chemical and biological characterization and clinical evaluation of botanical dietary supplements: A Phase I red clover extract as a model. Current Medicinal Chemistry. 2004, 11(11): 1361-1373.

2003

Burdette JE, Liu J, Chen SN, Fabricant DS, Piersen CE, Barker EL, Pezzuto JM, Mesecar A, van Breemen RB, Farnsworth NR, Bolton JL. Black cohosh acts as a mixed competitive ligand and partial agonist of the serotonin receptor." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2003, 51(19): 5661-70.

Asafu-Adjaye EB, Wong SK (Collaborators: Arnason J, Betz J, Breakell K, Chen JX, Fitzloff J, Fong HHS, Kim CS, Kwan SY, Leung HW, Li GQ, Lin RC, Luo GA, Nicolidakis H, Park H, Suen E, Wang XR, Wang ZT, Wen KC, Yeung HW). Determination of ginsenosides (ginseng saponins) in dry root powder from Panax ginseng, Panax quinquefolius, and selected commercial products by liquid chromatography: Interlaboratory study. AOAC International. 2003, 86:1112-1123.

Johnson BM, van Breemen RB. In vitro formation of quinoid metabolites of the dietary supplement Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh). Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2003, 16(7): 838-46.

Li W, Sun Y, Joseph J, Fitzloff JF, Fong HHS, van Breemen RB. p-Hydroxybenzoic acid alkyl esters in Andrographis paniculata herbs, commercial extracts and formulated products. Journal of Agricultrual Food Chemistry, 2003, 51:524-529.

Li W, Sun Y, Liang W, Fitzloff JF, van Breemen RB. Identification of caffeic acid derivatives in Actea racemosa (Cimicifuga racemosa, black cohosh) by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 2003, 17:978-982.

Mahady GB, Pendland SL, Yun GS, Lu ZZ, Stoia A. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and the gingerols inhibit the growth of Cag A+ strains of Helicobacter pylori. Anticancer Research. 2003, 23(5A): 3699-3702.

Schriever C, Mahady GB, Pendland S. Red wine, resveratrol, Chlamydia pneumonia and the French Connection. Atherosclerosis. 2003, 171(2): 379-380.

Mahady GB, Pendland SL. In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori by isoquinoline alkaloids from Sanguinaria canadensis and Hydrastis canadensis. Phytotherapy Research. 2003, 17:217-221.

Mahady G.B., Pendland S.L., Chadwick L.R. Red wine and resveratrol inhibit Cag A+ strains of Helicobacter pylori in vitro. American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2003, 98:1440-1441.

Mahady G.B. Is Black Cohosh estrogenic? Nutrition Reviews. 2003, 61: 183-186.

Mahady GB, Parrot J, Lee C, Yun G, Dan A. Botanical use by peri and post-menopausal women. Menopause. 2003, 10:65-72.

Piersen CE. Phytoestrogens in botanical dietary supplements: Implications for cancer. Integrative Cancer Therapies. 2003, 2(2): 120-138.

2002

Burdette JE, Chen S, Lu ZZ, Xu H, White B, Fabricant DS, Liu J, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Constantinou AI, van Breemen RB, Pezzuto JM, Bolton JL. Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa L.) protects against menadione-induced DNA damage through scavenging of reactive oxygen species: Bioassay directed isolation and characterizations of compounds. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry, 2002, 50:7022-7028.

Burdette JE, Liu J, Lantvit D, Lim E, Booth N, Bhat KP, Hedayat S, van Breemen RB, Constantinou AI, Pezzuto JM, Farnsworth NR, Bolton JL. Trifolium pratense (red clover) exhibits estrogenic effects in vivo in ovariectomized Sprague-Dawley rats. Journal of Nutrition. 2002, 132(1):27-30.

Chen S-N, Fabricant DS, Fong HHS, Lu ZZ, Farnsworth NR. Cimiracemosides I-P, new 9,19-cycloartane triterpenes glycosides from Cimicifuga racemosa. Journal of Natural Products, 2002, 65:1391-1397.

Chen S-N, Fabricant DS, Lu ZZ, Zhang H-J, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR. Cimiracemates A-D, novel phenylpropanoid esters from the rhizomes of Cimicifuga racemosa. Phytochemistry, 2002, 61:409-413.

Chen S-N, Li W, Fabricant DS, Santiarsiero BD, Mesecar A, Fitzloff JF, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR. Isolation, structure elucidation and absolute configuration of 26-deoxyactein from Cimicifuga racemosa and clarification of nomenclature associated with 27-deoxyactein. Journal of Natural Products, 2002, 65:601-605.

Li SH, Zhang HJ, Qiu SH, Niu XM, Santarsiero BD, Mesecar AD, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Sun HD. Vitexlactam A, a novel labdane diterpene lactam from the fruits of Vitex agnus-castus. Tetrahedron Letters, 2002, 43:5131-5134.

Li W, Fitzloff JF, Farnsworth NR, Fong HHS. Evaluation of commercial Ginkgo biloba dietary supplements for the presence of colchicine by high-performance liquid chromatography. Phytomedicine, 2002, 9:442-446.

Li W, Chen S, Fabricant D, Angerhofer CK, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Fitzloff JF. High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa) constituents with in-line evaporative light scattering and photodiode array detection. Analytica Chimica Acta, 2002, 471:61-75.

Li W, Fong HHS, Singletary KW, Fitzloff JF. Determination of catechins in commercial grape seed extract. Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technology, 2002, 25:397-407.

Mahady GB, Dietz B, Chandwick LR, Fabricant DS. Black Cohosh, An alternative for menopausal symptoms? Nutritional Clinical Care. 2002, 5(6): 283-289.

Mahady GB, Pendland SL, Yun G, Lu ZZ. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and curcumin inhibit the growth of Helicobacter pylori, a group 1 carcinogen. Anticancer Research. 2002; 22:4179-4182.

Mahady GB. Ginkgo biloba: A review of the cardiovascular effects. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2002, 16(1):21-32.

van Breemen RB, Bolton JL, Johnson BM. Rapid in vitro screening of botanical dietary supplements and pharmaceuticals for metabolic activation to electrophillic metabolites: Validation by detection of corresponding mercapturates in urine. Drug Metabolism Reviews, 2002, 34(Suppl. 1): 394.

Xu H, Fabricant DS, Piersen CE, Bolton JL, Pezzuto JM, Fong HHS, Totura S, Farnsworth NR, Constantinou AI. A preliminary RAPD-PCR analysis of Cimicifuga species and other botanicals used for women’s health. Phytomedicine, 2002, 9:757-762.

2001

Hall T, Lu Z-Z, Yat PN, Fitzloff JF, Arnason JT, Awang DVC, Fong HHS, Blumenthal M. An introduction to the ginseng evaluation program. HerbalGram, 2001, 52:27-30.

Hall T, Lu Z-Z, Yat PN, Fitzloff JF, Arnason JT, Awang DVC, Fong HHS, Blumenthal M. Evaluation of consistency of standardized Asian ginseng products in the ginseng evaluation program. HerbalGram, 2001, 52:31-45.

Johnson BM, Bolton JL, van Breemen RB. Screening botanical extracts for quinoid metabolites. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2001, 14: 1546-1551.

Liu J, Burdette JE, Xu H, Gu C, van Breemen RBv, Bhat, K, Booth N, Constantinou AI, Pezzuto JM, Fong HHS, Farnsworth NR, Bolton JL. Evaluation of estrogenic activity of plant extracts for the potential treatment of menopausal symptoms. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry, 2001, 49:2472-2479.

Mahady GB. Ginkgo biloba: A review of quality, safety and efficacy. Nutrition in Clinical Care. 2001, 4:140-147.

Mahady GB, Matsuura H, Pendland SL. Allixin, a garlic phytoalexin inhibits the growth of Helicobacter pylori in vitro. American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2001, 96:3454-3455.

Mahady G.B. Qato DM, Gyllenhaal C, Chadwick LR, Fong HHS. Echinacea: Recommendations for its use in prophylaxis and treatment of respiratory tract infections. Nutrition in Clinical Care. 2001;4, 200-210.

Mahady GB. Global harmonization of herbal health claims. Journal of Nutrition. 2001, 131:1-4.

Mahady GB, Chadwick LR. Goldenseal: Is there enough science for therapeutic recommendations? Nutrition in Clinical Care. 2001, 4:243-249.

Li W-k, Gu C-g, Zhang H-j, Awang DVC, Fitzloff JF, Fong HHS, van Breemen RB. Use of high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to distinguish Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (Asian ginseng) and Panax quinquefolius L. (North American ginseng). Analytical Chemistry. 2000, 72: 5417-5422, 2000.

Fitzloff JF, Yat P, Lu ZZ, Awang DVC, Arnason JT, van Breemen RB, Hall T, Blumenthal M, Fong HHS. Perspectives on the quality assurance of ginseng products in North America. Proc. 7th International Ginseng Symposium., Sept. 22-25, 1998, Seoul, Korea (1998).