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Crime Definitions and Locations

The Clery Act reportable crime definitions are taken from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI's) Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook (UCR).

  • Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter: the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.
  • Negligent Manslaughter: the killing of another person through gross negligence.
  • Sex Offenses: Forcible (rape, sodomy, rape with a foreign object, and forcible fondling Forcible Rape: The carnal knowledge of a person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity (or because of his/her youth).
    - Forcible Sodomy: Oral or anal sexual intercourse with another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary permanent mental or physical incapacity.
    - Sexual Assault with an Object: The use of an object or instrument to unlawfully penetrate, however slightly, the genital or anal opening of the body of another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is not capable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity.
    - Forcible Fondling: The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or, not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
  • Sex offenses: Non-forcible (incest and statutory rape): Any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent.
    - Incest: Non-forcible sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
    - Statutory Rape: Non-forcible sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.
  • Robbery: The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
  • Aggravated Assault: An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by a means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. (It is not necessary that injury result from an aggravated assault when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used that could and probably would result in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed.)
  • Burglary: The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft. For reporting purposes this definition includes: unlawful entry with intent to commit a larceny or felony, breaking and entering with intent to commit a larceny, housebreaking, safecracking, and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned acts.
  • Motor Vehicle Theft: The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.
  • Arson: Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.

Hate Crime: A hate crime is defined as any crime noted above (A through I), and the crimes of larceny-theft, vandalism, simple assault, intimidation or any other crimes involving bodily injury where the victim was intentionally selected because of his/her actual or perceived race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity or disability.

  • Larceny - Theft: includes the crimes of Pocket Picking, Purse Snatching, Shoplifting, Theft from Building, Theft from Coin Operated Machine or Device, Theft from Motor Vehicle, Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories, and All Other Larceny.
  • Simple Assault: an unlawful physical attack by one person upon another where neither the offender displays a weapon, nor the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration or loss of consciousness.
  • Intimidation: to unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to a physical attack.
  • Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property (except Arson): to willfully or maliciously destroy, damage, deface, or otherwise injure real or personal property without the consent of the owner or the person having custody or control over it.

The Clery Act also requires disclosure of statistics for liquor law violations, drug law violations, and weapons possession. Reports of these violations are made differently, and reflect the total number of individuals arrested or referred for campus disciplinary action, rather than total number of incidents.

  • Liquor Law Violations: The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting: the manufacture, sale, transporting, furnishing, possessing of intoxicating liquor; maintaining unlawful drinking places; bootlegging; operating a still; furnishing liquor to a minor or intemperate person; using a vehicle for illegal transportation of liquor; drinking on a train or public conveyance; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned activities. (Drunkenness and driving under the influence are not included in this definition.)
  • Drug Law Violations: Violations of state and local laws relating to the unlawful possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing, and making of narcotic drugs. The relevant substances include: opium or cocaine and their derivatives (morphine, heroin, codeine); marijuana; synthetic narcotics (Demerol, methadone); and dangerous non-narcotic drugs (barbiturates, Benzedrine).
  • Weapon Law Violations: The violation of laws or ordinances dealing with weapon offenses, regulatory in nature, such as: manufacture, sale, or possession of deadly weapons; carrying deadly weapons, concealed or openly; furnishing deadly weapons to minors; aliens possessing deadly weapons; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned acts.

Geographic Areas

These offenses must be reported according to their occurrence in the following locations, or geographic categories:

  • On Campus: (i) Any building or property owned or controlled by an institution within the same reasonably contiguous geographic area and used by the institution in direct support of, or in a manner related to, the institution's educational purposes, including residence halls; and (ii) Any building or property that is within or reasonably contiguous to the area identified in paragraph (i) of this definition, that is owned by the institution but controlled by another person, is frequently used by students, and supports institutional purposes (such as a food or other retail vendor).
  • On Campus- Residence Halls: Residence halls or other University-owned residences. These statistics are a subset of Campus property statistics.
  • Public property: All public property including thoroughfares, streets, sidewalks, and parking facilities that are within the campus, or immediately adjacent to and accessible from the campus.
  • Non-Campus property: (i) Any building or property owned or controlled by a student organization that is officially recognized by the institution; or (ii) Any building or property owned or controlled by an institution that is used in direct support of, or in relation to, the institution's educational purposes, is frequently used by students, and is not within the same reasonably contiguous geographic area of the institution.

Campus Security Administrators

A Campus Security Authority (CSA) or also known as a Clery Reporter, is a campus individual who has significant responsibility for students and campus activities, or has been identified as someone to whom students may disclose experiences of crime victimization. Clery Reporters are critical in assisting the University in creating a safer campus community through reporting crime that is disclosed to them/their staff and providing effective support and referrals to aid in the healing and retention of student victims of crime.

What types of crimes am I required to report?

The following crimes must be reported under the Clery Act: For a more detailed description, click here Criminal homicide, manslaughter, sexual assault (forcible and non-forcible sex offenses), robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, motor-vehicle theft, arson,liquor violations, drug abuse, weapons violations and hate crimes. You do not need to determine whether or not a crime occurred within the correct geographic boundaries defined by the Clery Act to report it, all crimes should be reported, regardless of where they took place. Your job will be to listen, facilitate referrals, provide resource brochures with information about on- and off-campus resources, fill out the online campus crime reporting form and provide any necessary follow-up. When filling out the form, you will be asked to give your best estimation of the type of crime that was experienced by the student. You will also provide a description of the crime and where the crime took place. Those two pieces of information will be utilized by a University expert to classify the crime and determine if it will be included in the statistics used for the Campus Safety and Security Survey.

Training for Clery Reporters

Online training is available for Clery reporters including information regarding training requirements.

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