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Indonesia

Indonesia

square Total Population = 239,870,937 (TWB, 2010)
square Population growth rate: 1.00% (UN, 2011)
square Infant mortality rate: 27 deaths/1,000 live births (WHO, 2010)
square GNI per capita: $3600 USD (2010)
square Adult literacy rate (age 15 and over can read and write): 92 % (UN, 2011)
square Life expectancy at birth (TWB, 2009)
 
  • total population: 68 years
  • male: 66 years
  • female: 71 years
square HIV/AIDS (WHO, 2011)
 
  • Adult prevalence rate: 0.2 (2009 est.)
  • People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH): 305,200
  • Deaths: 8,252/year
  • Most of HIV transmission come from heterosexual 48.4%, follows by IDU 42% and MSM 3.7%

Located in Southeastern Asia between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Indonesia is an archipelago of 17,506 islands of which 6,000 are inhabited. The world's fourth most populated country, Indonesia faces severe socio-economic difficulties including acts of terrorism and most recently a major earthquake in west Java and west Sumatra (WHO, 2009). Between 1998 and 2003, there were 4,159 total HIV/AIDS cases reported in Indonesia. By June 2009, the number of total cases increased four fold to 17,699 (MoH, 2009).

The first case of AIDS in Indonesia was identified in 1987. Today, HIV in Indonesia has reached what the World Health Organization refers to as the "concentrated stage" - meaning all the factors are present for a rapidly spreading epidemic (Riono and Jazant, 2004). These factors include: an extensive sex industry, limited capacity to detect and treat HIV/STIs, a highly mobile population that can facilitate spread of the virus, an explosion in injection drug use, and increasingly high-risk social conditions for HIV exacerbated by massive economic instability and political disruption (Synergy Project, UNAID, 2004).

References

Biro Pusat Statistik (2007). Data Kependudukan Indonesia.

Indonesia Demographic Survey, (2007). Indonesia Country Profile 2008. Pusat Data dan Informasi Departemen Kesehatan.

Indonesia Health Profile (2009). Indonesia health profile in 2008.
KPAN. (2009). Data HIV dan AIDS di Indonesia. Retrieved October 10, 2009, from http://www.aidsindonesia.or.id/data_detail.php?id_pages=40&id_language=2&id_ref_data=1&id_data=40

Ministry of Health. (2009). Cases of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia reported through June 2009. Directorate General CDC & EH Report. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia.

Riono, P. and Jazant, S. (2004) The Current Situation of HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Indonesia. Current Strategies and Future Challenges. AIDS Education and Prevention, Supplement A (16): 78-90.

Synergy Project, 2003. Indonesia . TvT Global Health and Development Strategies/Social & Scientific Systems, Inc., under The Synergy Project, USAID December.

United Nations Development Program. (2005) YOUANDAIDS: The HIV/AIDS Portal for Asia Pacific. United Nations Development Program. (2005) Human Development, Indonesia Report 2005.

United Nations (2011).Table 1c: Population growth and distribution. Accessed on March 28, 2012. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/

United Nation (2011). Table 4a: Literacy. Access on March 28, 2012. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/

World Health Organization (2011). Global health observational data repository. Indonesia-Country statistics. http://apps.who.int/ghodata/?theme=country

WHO (2012). Country Statistics: Indonesia Retrieved March 28, 2012, from http://www.who.int/countries/idn/en/

 

Last Updated: March, 2012