Anthropology (ANTH)

Subject Number Title Hours Catalog Description General Education Category
ANTH 100 The Human Adventure 3 hours. A survey of approaches to the study of the origins and the cultural and biological development of humankind. No credit toward the anthropology major for students with previous courses in anthropology.  Individual and Society, Past, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 101 World Cultures: Introduction to Social Anthropology 3 hours. Concepts and methods in the study of world cultures from a comparative anthropological perspective, emphasizing selected non-U.S. societies, cultures, and ethnographic regions.  Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 102 Introduction to Archaeology 4 hours. This course surveys world prehistory and introduces students to the theories and methods archaeologists use to understand the past.  Natural World - With Lab, and Past course.
ANTH 105 Human Evolution 4 hours. Human evolution and variability; methods of assessing fossil evidence for evolutionary change; principles of biological adaptation.  Natural World - With Lab, and Past course.
ANTH 110 Cybernetic Systems 3 hours. Nontechnical introduction to the major ideas of cybernetics and their applications to learning and evolution, communication and culture, sanity, machines, and what context means.  Individual and Society course.
ANTH 200 Anthropological Theory 3 hours. Theoretical approaches to the study of culture and society in terms of structure, function, and process. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 210 Cybernetic Thinking 3 hours. The logic of cybernetic concepts: stability, change, hierarchy, coupling, feedback, variety, regulation, and their applications to living, social, and cultural systems. 
ANTH 211 Visual Anthropology 3 hours. History and criticism of documentary films on anthropology. Discussion of the applications of film in field research and viewing of representative examples. Prerequisite(s): 3 hours in social sciences or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 212 Folklore 3 hours. Surveying the major folklore genres: proverbs, riddles, games, folksong and the folk tale, their forms, and how people use them. 
ANTH 214 Sex and Gender in World Cultures 3 hours. Comparative study of sex roles, gender identity, and male-female relationships, emphasizing biological, ecological, ideological and symbolic factors associated with cross-cultural variability. Same as GWS 214. Prerequisite(s): 3 hours of social sciences or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 215 Anthropology of Religion 3 hours. Exploration of varieties of religious experience, including magic and witchcraft, with emphasis on non-Western religions and the role of religious institutions in social integration. 
ANTH 216 Medicine, Culture, and Society 3 hours. Medical anthropology is the study of human health and illness across culture, time, and location. The cultural, political and moral components of disease, illness, suffering, health, and well-being will be discussed. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 217 Special Topics in Cultural Anthropology 3 hours. Covers special topics in cultural anthropology. May be repeated. Students may register for more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 218 Anthropology of Children and Childhood 3 hours. Examines childhood, a uniquely human life stage, both across cultures and from a biosocial perspective that includes both physical and social development. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 and ANTH 105; or consent of the instructor. Individual and Society, and Natural World - No Lab course.
ANTH 219 Anthropology of Globalization 3 hours. Explores capitalism as a culture, its origins, and the problems of consumer culture in the U.S. and the world. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101; or consent of the instructor. US Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 220 Method and Theory in Archaeology 3 hours. Introduction to techniques and methods in archaeology, archaeological reasoning, research design, and methods of analysis. Archaeological methods for the analysis of prehistoric technology, economy, social and political organization. Introduction to general theories in archaeology. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 221 Old World Archaeology I 3 hours. The evolution of the Old World hunting-gathering cultures to the end of the Pleistocene Age. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 222 Hunter-Gatherers, Farmers, and Herders 3 hours. Introduction to the prehistoric cultures of the Old World. Analysis of the shift from hunting-gathering to agriculture. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 226 Archaeology of North America 3 hours. Introduction to the prehistoric cultures of North America from earliest times until the arrival of Europeans. Same as LALS 257. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 227 Ancient Civilizations of Mexico and Central America 3 hours. Analysis and interpretation of the archaeological evidence on the process of development of native civilization in the Meso-American area from the beginnings of agricultural settlement to the eve of the Spanish conquest. Same as GEOG 207, and LALS 258. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102; or sophomore standing or above; or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 228 Ancient Civilizations of South America 3 hours. Analysis of the developmental process and social institutions of indigenous civilizations of South America. Emphasis on origins of sedentary life, evolution of cities, and dynamics of the native Andean states. Same as LALS 259. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102; or sophomore standing or above, or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 229 Special Topics in Archaeology 3 hours. Covers special topics in archaeology. May be repeated. Students may register for more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102; or consent of the instructor. Past course.
ANTH 231 Fossil Humans 4 hours. The fossil record as it applies to different interpretations of human evolution; principles of evolutionary biology; survey of the biology and behavior of living primates. 
ANTH 232 Evolutionary Medicine 3 hours. By considering human health and disease from an evolutionary and biocultural perspective, this course offers new insights into why diseases occur and how the human body is adapted to respond to them. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 105; or Grade of B or better in BIOS 101; or Grade of B or better in BIOS 104; or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 234 Modern Human Variation and Adaptation 4 hours. A broad overview of genetic variation and biosocial adaptation in contemporary human groups. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 105. 
ANTH 235 Biological Bases and Evolution of Human Behavior 4 hours. Comparative behavior of human and nonhuman primates; biological bases of primate behavior in terms of general evolutionary trends.
ANTH 237 The Human Skeleton 4 hours. Examination of the human skeleton, emphasizing bone identification and the functional anatomy of locomotion and dentition. 
ANTH 238 Biology of Women 3 hours. An evolutionary perspective on the biology of women from conception to menopause, in light of current research on genetics, hormones, and development. Topics include sexual differentiation, sex differences, and life history. Same as GWS 238. Prerequisite(s): Grade of C or better in ANTH 105; or consent of the instructor.  Natural World - No Lab course.
ANTH 239 Special Topics in Physical Anthropology 3 hours. Special topics in Physical Anthropology. May be repeated.  Students may register for more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 105; or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 241 Culture and Personality 3 hours. Introduction to the concepts, theories, and techniques of studies relating the psychology of the individual to the culture; selected non-Western civilizations and preliterate societies. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101, an introductory course in psychology or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 256 European-Indigenous Interaction in Latin America 3 hours. Responses of indigenous societies in Latin America to colonization by people from the Old World. The historical and social circumstances of contact and culture change will be covered.   Same as LALS 256. World Cultures course.
ANTH 269 Art and Archaeology of South America 3 hours. Survey of Andean prehistory and the development of complex societies from pre-Chavin through Inca as reflected in art, architecture, and other material culture. Same as AH 269. Credit is not given for ANTH 269 if the student has credit for ANTH 228 or AH 273 or LALS 239 or LALS 259. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 100 or ANTH 102 or AH 100 or AH 110 or AH 111; and sophomore standing or above; or consent of the instructor.  World Cultures course.
ANTH 270 The First Americans 3 hours. An introduction to the aboriginal Indian cultures of native North America, their ecological adaptations, social organization, and world views.  Individual and Society, and US Society course.
ANTH 271 American Indian Religion and Philosophy 3 hours. Survey of American Indian beliefs about nature and the spirit world, and the rituals connected with those beliefs, including the changes that resulted from European contact.  Individual and Society, and US Society course.
ANTH 272 North American Indians 3 hours. Survey of the indigenous culture of North America as viewed through the generations by early explorers, missionaries, nineteenth century ethnologists, and contemporary social scientists. 
ANTH 273 Ethnography of Southeast Asia 3 hours. Survey of selected cultures of mainland Southeast Asia, with emphasis on cultural ecology, tribal formation, and nationalism. Same as GEOG 273. Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 274 Ethnography of Africa 3 hours. A survey of the culture areas of sub-Saharan Africa and the study of societies typical of each area.  Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 275 South American Indians 3 hours. Social and cultural practices of the native peoples of the Amazonian tropical forest and the Andes. Same as LALS 255.   Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 276 Pacific Island Cultures 3 hours. Polynesian, Micronesian, and Melanesian island societies; their ecosystems and cultures, emphasizing their unity and diversity. 
ANTH 277 Ethnography of Mesoamerica 3 hours. Survey of the contemporary indigenous cultures of Mesoamerica, studied against their pre-conquest history and in their development since the Spanish Conquest. Same as LALS 270.   Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 278 Brazil: A Multiethnic Society 3 hours. The diverse political, economic, artistic, and folkloric themes of Brazilian life are traced in such national festivals as Carnaval and Sao Joao, and folk religions such as Candomble. Same as LALS 272.   Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 279 South Asian Cultures and Societies 3 hours. Survey of the people and cultures of South Asian Cultures; emphasis on social structure, religion, and recent cultural changes. Same as ASST 279. Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 280 China and Japan: Society and Culture 3 hours. Survey of social and economic organization during the recent past of China and Japan: analysis of traditional family structure; impact of urbanization and industrialization. Same as ASST 280.   Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 281 Ethnography of North Africa and the Middle East 3 hours. Anthropological introduction to the peoples and cultures of North Africa and the Middle East. Emphasis on contemporary religious, ethnic, political, and gender issues.  Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
ANTH 309 Writing Culture 3 hours. A survey of genres of anthropological reporting with a critical examination of the process by which observations are transformed into written form as well as continued development of composition skills. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 and completion of the English composition requirement (or its equivalent); or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 310 An Introduction to the Anthropology of the Body 3 hours. Theoretical and methodological approaches to the body as the interface between nature and culture. It considers how culture is embodied, how the body is encultured, and how cultures of perception vary through time and space. 
ANTH 311 The Anthropology of Consumption 3 hours. The nature, experience, and cultural politics of consumption from historical and cross cultural perspectives paying particular attention to the emergence of consumption as a crucial domain within the culture of capitalism. 
ANTH 312 Cross-Cultural and Historical Perspectives of Youth Culture 3 hours. The cultural construction of "youth" and "youth culture" through time and around the world. The ways in which age designations are used to naturalize a variety of broader cultural/ideological projects. 
ANTH 313 Language, Culture, and Society 3 hours. Anthropological approaches to the interaction between language, culture and society, traced through ethnographic case studies. Topics include language socialization, gender, class, ethnicity, toponyms and multilingualism. Prerequisite(s): Grade of C or better in ANTH 101; and completion of the English composition requirement; and junior standing or above; or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 320 Topics in Archaeology 3 hours. Readings, study and discussion of selected problems in archaeology. Topics will vary.   Prerequisite(s):  ANTH 102 and successful completion of one archaeology class at the 200-level.
ANTH 321 Prehistory of the Near East 3 hours. Consideration of Southwestern Asia as the core area for the development of Homo sapiens and the emergence of the earliest civilizations. 
ANTH 330 Primate Evolution 4 hours. Paleontology and systematics of fossil primates, emphasizing the adaptive radiations of the major living groups. Same as BIOS 313.  
ANTH 335 Topics in Physical Anthropology 3 hours. Theoretical and substantive issues in the study of both human and non-human primates as well as hominids, as represented in current journals and topical volumes. May be repeated to a maximum of 9 hours. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 105 and one 200-level course in physical anthropology.
ANTH 386 Elements of Spatial Analysis 3 hours. Implications of geographic concerns for data gathering and analysis. Spatial sampling and weighting of areal data. Reconciling record and zone inconsistencies when merging data from several sources. Same as GEOG 386. Prerequisite(s): Consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 390 Honors Research 3 hours. Individual study or research projects for students seeking departmental distinction. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours. Successful completion necessary for "Departmental Distinction" with final paper submitted to three-member honors committee for approval. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above,  approval of the department,  a 3.00 University grade point average, and a 3.50 grade point average in anthropology. 
ANTH 394 Topics in Anthropology 3 hours. Reading, study and discussion of selected problems in anthropology. May be repeated to a maximum of 9 hours. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 401 Linguistic Anthropology 3 OR 4 hours. Exploration of the relationship between language and culture in a cross-cultural perspective. Attention to methods of field research as well as theory and substantive issues.  Course information:  3 undergraduate hours.  4 graduate hours.
ANTH 409 Ancient Maya Writing, Language, and Culture 3 OR 4 hours. Recent trends in Maya epigraphy, information gained from Maya hieroglyphs, linguistics, and historical ethnographies are applied to anthropological analyses of past lifeways. Same as LALS 409. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above; and consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 411 Urban Cultural Problems 3 OR 4 hours. A study of the processes of urbanization and of cultural and social adjustments to the city; illustrated by case studies. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.  
ANTH 413 Social Organization 3 OR 4 hours. Theory and method in the study of kinship and social organization, for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 213 or graduate standing or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 414 Symbolic Anthropology 3 OR 4 hours. The interpretation of cultures through their ritual, religions, culture and other types of symbolism. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 415 Foundations in Anthropology and Global Health I 3 OR 4 hours. Explores the field of cultural medical anthropology and provides a theoretical foundation allowing for understanding and exploration of anthropology's role in international health. Same as IPHS 415. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 216; and junior standing or above; or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 416 Foundations in Anthropology and Global Health II 3 OR 4 hours. Provides an evolutionary and biocultural approach to human biology, physiology, health and disease. Same as IPHS 416. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 232; and junior standing or above; or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 417 Marxist Approaches to Anthropology 3 OR 4 hours. Issues concerning Marx's theories on primitive societies, the development of his evolutionary model from Morgan's work, and current use of Marxist concepts in anthropology. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.  
ANTH 418 Ethnographic and Qualitative Research Methods 3 OR 4 hours. Practical introduction to the techniques of social scientists for research in natural social settings:  participant observation/non-participant observation, interviewing, use of documentary sources, etc.  Same as GEOG 418. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s):  Junior standing or above.
ANTH 420 Seminar in Archaeology and Ethnography 3 OR 4 hours. Case studies of investigations in archeology using research monographs and other primary sources. Substantive data and related theoretical problems are examined simultaneously. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated to a maximum of 15 hours.  Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 421 Geomorphology and Archaeology 3 OR 4 hours. Relevance of geomorphic processes and landform development to archaeology; role of geomorphology in archaeological surveys, paleogeographic reconstruction, and archaeological interpretation. Elements of geoarchaeology. Same as GEOG 432. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 131 or EAES 101 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 422 Prehistory of the Levant and the Nile Valley 3 OR 4 hours. Detailed analysis of Levantine and Nile Valley prehistory during the Pleistocene and early Holocene. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 221 or ANTH 222 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 423 Andean Prehistory 3 OR 4 hours. An overview of the cultural evolution of the Andean region from the arrival of the first inhabitants to the development of the Inca empire.   Same as LALS 423.  3 undergraduate hours.  4 graduate hours.  Prerequisite(s):  ANTH 228 or ANTH 269; or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 424 Violence 3 OR 4 hours. Explores how men and women have experienced violence historically and in modern times. Students examine how violence is perpetrated through words, pictures, physical harm, and silences. Same as CLJ 423. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): CLJ 101 and CLJ 200.
ANTH 425 Field Techniques in Archaeology 4 hours. Exposure to field methods in archaeology through participation in an actual research project. Students are instructed in field excavation techniques. Usually offered in summer session. Same as GEOG 425. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours.  Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Concurrent registration in ANTH 426 or GEOG 426. 
ANTH 426 Laboratory Techniques in Archaeology 4 hours. Exposes students to laboratory methods in archaeology through the analysis of excavated materials. Students are instructed in laboratory techniques. Same as GEOG 426.  May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours.  Prerequisite(s): ANTH 102 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Concurrent registration in ANTH 425 or GEOG 425. 
ANTH 427 Theory and Application in Ethnoarchaeology 3 OR 4 hours. Focuses on the application of scientific experimentation and ethnographic information to enhance our understanding of the archaeological record, material culture, and past human behavior. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): One 100- or 200-level archaeology course; or graduate standing and consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 428 Chiefdoms 3 OR 4 hours. Focus on traditional non-state, yet complex, societies known as "chiefdoms." Examine the organization and evolution of such societies through a combination of ethnographic, historical and archaeological data. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or ANTH 102; or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 429 Archaeological Methods 3 OR 4 hours. This course will familiarize students with various methodologies used by archaeologists and geo-archaeologists. Course will concentrate on a different method each time it is taught.  Course information:  Same as GEOG 429.  3 undergraduate hours.  4 graduate hours.  May be repeated up to 2 time(s).  Students may register for more than one section per term.
ANTH 430 Seminar in Primate Biology 4 OR 5 hours. Theoretical and substantive issues in the study of non-human primates and hominids, as represented in current journals and topical volumes. 4 undergraduate hours. 5 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 2 time(s). Students may register for more than one section per term.
ANTH 432 Mortuary Archaeology 3 OR 4 hours. Provides a cross-cultural survey of mortuary customs, an overview of general theoretical approaches and a critical analysis in the study of mortuary customs and human remains in archaeological contexts. 3 undergraduate hours; 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Undergraduates only: Grade of C or better in ANTH 237. Recommended background: Undergraduates only: 200-level courses in archaeology and cultural anthropology.
ANTH 437 Bioarchaeology 5 hours. Provides an overview of mortuary theory and the bioarchaeological methods used to study health and disease, diet, activity patterns, kinship and cultural practices in archaeological populations. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 237; and consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 438 Reproductive Ecology 3 OR 4 hours. Utilizes an evolutionary framework to consider both proximate (physiological) and ultimate (evolutionary) explanations for the relationship between female and male reproductive patterns and environmental challenges. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): Grade of B or better in ANTH 238, and graduate or professional standing; or consent of the instructor.
ANTH 440 The Experience of Culture Difference: Culture Shock 3 OR 4 hours. Explores experience of different cultures, the process of learning a different culture, and issues arising from the nature of the encounter in fieldwork. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): One course in social or cultural anthropology, or experience in another culture. 
ANTH 441 Psychoanalytic Anthropology I: Cross-Cultural Theory 3 OR 4 hours. Introduction for social scientists to psychoanalytic theory and methods including Freud's theories and more recent developments. Crosscultural tests and applications of psychoanalytic theories. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): One course in anthropology or psychology; or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 442 Psychoanalytic Anthropology II: Cross-Cultural Applications 3 OR 4 hours. Explores ways in which anthropologists and analysts have used psychoanalysis to understand individuals, practices and institutions of other cultures. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 441 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 443 Leadership: Psychology, Strategy, Culture 3 OR 4 hours. Psychological and anthropological theories of leadership developed on our culture will be tested against descriptions of leadership in diverse non-Western societies. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): One course in anthropology. 
ANTH 444 Dreams, Dreaming, and Dream Beliefs 3 OR 4 hours. The dreaming experience examined from the point of view of psychological interpretation, laboratory experiments and anthropological study of dreams in other cultures. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): One course in anthropology or psychology and junior or senior standing, or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 445 Structuralism in Anthropology 3 OR 4 hours. Explores the theoretical approach offered by structuralism emphasizing that elements of culture must be understood in terms of their relationship to the entire system. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.
ANTH 453 Seminar in Cultural Ecology 3 OR 4 hours. Cultural ecology and cultural evolution, emphasizing peasant farming and other subsistence systems. Soil management under shifting and sedentary agriculture. Same as GEOG 453. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or GEOG 151 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 454 A Dynamic Human Habitat: Amazonia Past, Present, and Future 3 OR 4 hours. Traces the dynamic interaction of humans and their habitats in Amazonia from prehistory until today, illustrating the co-evolution of its environments and populations. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.
ANTH 455 Quantitative Methods 3 OR 4 hours. Introductory statistics course in statistical methods for anthropological problem-solving. Primary emphasis is on univariate and bivariate statistics, such as means standard deviations, correlation, chi square, t-tests, and simple regressions. Same as GEOG 455. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Extensive computer use required. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or above; and consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 461 Museum Collecting: Documentation, Registration, and Curation 4 hours. Introduction to the collection of anthropological objects for museum curation.  Ethics of collecting,  standards for documentation, legal aspects of collecting, ethnographic interviewing, registration of objects and archives, curation and housing. 
ANTH 462 Museum Exhibit Research and Design 4 hours. Introduction to anthropological museum exhibitions.  Issues of representation and cultural politics, museums¿ roles in the communities they serve, developing a story around objects, and the technical aspects of exhibit design.
ANTH 470 Classic Ethnographies 3 OR 4 hours. Analysis of method and theory reflected in selected classic anthropological works, studied in their historical contexts and contemporary uses. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 101 or ANTH 213 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 473 Anthropology of Social Movements 3 OR 4 hours. Examines the causes of social change from the perspective of sociocultural anthropology.  An ethnographic approach to political life,  how communities describe and enact their experiences as individuals and citizens. 3 undergraduate hours; 4 graduate hours.
ANTH 474 Urban Cultures of Africa 3 OR 4 hours. A study of the indigenous urban centers of sub-Saharan Africa; the multi-cultural cities of colonial and contemporary Africa, and the processes of detribalization. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.  
ANTH 475 Indians of the Andes and the Amazon 3 OR 4 hours. Intensive research in theoretical and ethnographic problems in South American Indian social structures and cultures. Special attention will be given Levi-Strauss' ideas on the formulation of cultural theory in South America. Same as LALS 475. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): ANTH 213 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 476 Rise and Fall of the Inca Empire 3 hours. Using an integration of ethnographic, historical, and archaeological information, this course is designed to provide a thorough introduction to the study of the Incas. Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing or above. 
ANTH 477 Remote Sensing of the Environment 4 hours. Principles and practices of processing and interpretation of remotely sensed imagery including aerial photographs, radar and multispectral satellite images. Hands-on use of image-processing software. Same as GEOG 477. Extensive computer use required. 
ANTH 478 Paleoindians and Peopling of the Americas: From Alaska to Tierra del Fuego 3 OR 4 hours. Summarizes current knowledge of the first migration of humans to the New World, analyzes its significance, and evaluates the controversies. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.
ANTH 479 Culture and Colonialism in South Asia 3 OR 4 hours. Examines the emergence of colonial cultures of domination and resistance on the Indian subcontinent from the eighteenth century to 1947. Same as ASST 479, and HIST 479. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours.  
ANTH 480 Sociolinguistics 3 OR 4 hours. Variations in language that correlate with variation in societies and smaller social groups; interactions of languages and societies. Same as LING 480. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): LING 405 or junior standing and consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 481 Geographic Information
Systems I
4 hours. Components and performance properties of geographic information systems. Geographic hierarchies and data structures. Problems and solutions in handling large geographic files. Geocoding. Same as GEOG 481. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 100 and one from GEOG 278, GEOG 386, IDS 100;  or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 482

Geographic Information
Systems II

4 hours. Application of raster (or grid) based geographic information systems to the spatial analysis of landscapes. Same as GEOG 482. 
ANTH 483 Geographic Information
Systems III
4 hours. Problems encountered in the analysis and portrayal of geographic data. Topics include taxonomy, regionalization, trend surface analysis, time series, markov probabilities, and computer cartographic procedures for displaying output from analytic procedures. Same as GEOG 483. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 482 or ANTH 482 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 484 Mapping with Microcomputers 4 hours. Micro-computer applications including computer principles for mapping, alternative design for coordinate files, kinds of devices for mapping, direct control of devices for mapping, characteristics and limitations of mapping programs. Same as GEOG 478. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 475 or consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 485 Computer Cartography 4 hours. The fundamentals of cartography and cartographic design. The use of state-of-the-art, Windows-based computer mapping software for querying and displaying cartographic data contained in GIS databases.   Same as GEOG 485.  
ANTH 490 Independent Study 1 TO 6 hours. Independent reading under the supervision of a faculty member. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours with approval. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing and consent of the instructor. 
ANTH 494 Special Topics in Anthropology 3 OR 4 hours. Reading, study, and discussion of selected problems for graduate students and majors in anthropology. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated to a maximum of 12 hours. Students may register in more than one section per term.  Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or approval of the department. 
ANTH 496 Internship 1 TO 4 hours. Professional field experience with an agency or organization in the private or public sector on projects related to the student's area of specialization. Same as GEOG 496. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Only 4 hours of credit may be applied toward the Minor in Geography. Prerequisite(s): Declared major in anthropology, minor in geography or full graduate standing in anthropology or geography and consent of the faculty advisor, head of the department, or the director of internship programs.