Philosophy (PHIL)

Subject Number Title Hours Catalog Description General Education Category
PHIL 100 Introduction to Philosophy 3 hours. A survey of traditional problems concerning the existence and nature of God, freedom, justification, morality, etc. Readings from historical or contemporary philosophers. Individual and Society course.
PHIL 102 Introductory Logic 3 hours. Sentential logic: representation of English using truth-functional connectives, decision methods, natural deduction techniques. Introduction to predicate logic: representation of English using quantifiers.  Natural World - No Lab course.
PHIL 103 Introduction to Ethics 3 hours. Surveys attempts to answer central questions of ethics: What acts are right? What things are good? How do we know this?  Individual and Society course.
PHIL 104 Introduction to Political Philosophy 3 hours. An introductory survey of topics in political philosophy that bear on U.S. society. Readings will usually be drawn from both classical and contemporary sources.  Individual and Society, and US Society course.
PHIL 105 Science and Philosophy 3 hours. An exploration of central philosophical (and/or religious) issues as they arise in the sciences. Readings include both scientific (e.g. physics or biology) and philosophical works, and may be drawn from various periods.  Natural World - No Lab course.
PHIL 107 Understanding Art 3 hours. Introduction to the fundamental problems in understanding art; the historical background; the concept of the aesthetic; theories of art; intentionalistic criticism, metaphor, symbolism, expression; theories of evaluation. 
PHIL 110 Philosophy of Love and Sex 3 hours. A philosophical inquiry into traditional and contemporary views about love and sex.  Individual and Society course.
PHIL 112 Morality and the Law 3 hours. What must the law do if it is to protect our rights (such as free speech, privacy, equal treatment)? Why believe we have rights?  Individual and Society course.
PHIL 115 Death 3 hours. Philosophical examination of our attitudes towards death. Our attitudes towards mortality and immortality; definitions of death; treating others as persons; our attitudes towards life, quality of life issues, suicide, rights of the dying.  Individual and Society course.
PHIL 116 Medical Ethics 3 hours. Moral issues as they arise in medical contexts, including such topics as abortion, euthanasia, paternalism, allocation of medical resources, and psychiatric issues. 
PHIL 120 Introduction to Ancient Philosophy 3 hours. Introduction to issues and methods of philosophy through engagement with classic Greek and Roman texts (read in translation). Same as CL 120.   Individual and Society, and Past course.
PHIL 122 Philosophy of Consciousness 3 hours. A philosophical investigation into the nature and importance of consciousness as discussed in a variety of sources in philosophy, literature, and psychology. 
PHIL 201 Theory of Knowledge 3 hours. Basic issues concerning knowledge of the external world, other minds, scientific laws, and necessary truths. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy. 
PHIL 202 Philosophy of Psychology 3 hours. Theories and methods of scientific psychology: modes of explaining the structure of theories, the nature of mental states; implications of commonsense conceptions of the mind. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy; or junior or senior standing in the physical, biological, or social sciences; or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 203 Metaphysics 3 hours. Philosophical issues concerning free will, causation, action, mind and body, identity over time, God, universals and particulars. Emphasis varies from term to term. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 204 Introduction to the Philosophy of Science 3 hours. The nature of scientific observation, explanation, and theories; confirmation of laws and theories; the relation between the physical and social sciences. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy; or junior or senior standing in the physical, biological, or social sciences; or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 210 Symbolic Logic 3 hours. Representation of English sentences using quantifiers and identity; quantificational natural deduction; interpretations. Optional topics include naive set theory; axiomatic systems; theory of descriptions; metatheory. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 102. Recommended background: Grade of B or better in PHIL 102.  Natural World - No Lab course.
PHIL 211 Inductive Logic and Decision Making 3 hours. How to gamble and make other decisions rationally. The role of probability, decision rules, and statistics in real-life contexts. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 102 or PHIL 210. 
PHIL 220 Ancient Philosophy I: Plato and His Predecessors 3 hours. Introduction to Plato and his predecessors in the ancient period. Same as CL 220. It is recommended that PHIL 220/CL 220 and PHIL 221/CL 221 be taken as a sequence in successive terms. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 221 Ancient Philosophy II: Aristotle and His Successors 3 hours. Introduction to Aristotle and his successors in the ancient period. Same as CL 221. It is recommended that PHIL 220/CL 220 and PHIL 221/CL 221 be taken as a sequence in successive terms. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 223 History of Modern Philosophy I: Descartes and His Successors 3 hours. Introduction to Descartes and some of his successors in the early modern period. It is recommended that PHIL 223 and PHIL 224 be taken as a sequence in successive terms. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 224 History of Modern Philosophy II: Kant and His Predecessors 3 hours. Introduction to Kant and some of his predecessors in the early modern period. It is recommended that PHIL 223 and PHIL 224 be taken as a sequence in successive terms. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 225 Nineteenth Century Philosophy 3 hours. A survey course of the works of major nineteenth century philosophers such as:  Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, and Schopenhauer. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor.  Individual and Society course.
PHIL 226 Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy 3 hours. Historical introduction to the major issues and figures of twentieth-century philosophy in the analytic tradition. Readings from Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Quine, and others. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 102 or PHIL 210 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 227 Continental Philosophy I: Phenomenology and Existentialism 3 hours. Existential themes in dramas and fiction as well as selections from the works of such thinkers as Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Camus and Sartre. Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 230 Topics in Ethics and Political Philosophy 3 hours. Survey of major topics in ethical theory and political philosophy. Emphasis varies. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. Recommended background: PHIL 103 or PHIL 109 or PHIL 112 or PHIL 116. 
PHIL 232 Sex Roles: Moral and Political Issues 3 hours. Philosophical inquiry into controversies surrounding the changing roles of men and women. Same as GWS 232.  
PHIL 234 Philosophy and Film 3 hours. A philosophical examination of film, dealing with aesthetic issues, or moral and political issues, or both. Screening accompanies discussion. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 240 Philosophy and Revelation: Jewish and Christian Perspectives 3 hours. Introduction to philosophical ways of addressing the claim that a book (the Bible, the Quran) comes from God.  Texts by Immanuel Kant, Moses Mendelssohn, and Soren Kierkegaard, among others.   Previously listed as PHIL 141. Same as RELS 240 and JST 240.  Prerequisite(s): Two courses in philosophy or consent of the instructor.  Individual and Society, and World Cultures course.
PHIL 241 Philosophy of Religion 3 hours. Philosophical inquiry into the grounds of faith and belief, the nature of religious and mystical experience, and the existence and nature of God. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 299 Seminar 3 hours. Selected topics. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 300 Fundmentals of Philsophical Discourse 3 hours. An intensive course for philosophy majors aimed at introducing and developing skill in philosophical writing and oral presentation. Previously listed as PHIL 400. Prerequisite(s): Major in philosophy; and junior standing or above or approval of the department.
PHIL 310 Aristotle and the Arabs 3 hours. Traces the major topics of ancient Greek philosophy, especially those of Aristotle,  and their transformation into the philosophy developed in the Arabic classical period. Same as ARAB 310 and CL 310. Prerequisite(s): CL 221 or PHIL 221 or RELS 230.
PHIL 390 Senior Thesis in Philosophy 3 hours. Students will work individually with a member of the faculty on a topic chosen by the student and approved by the faculty. Prerequisite(s): Open only to seniors; consent of the instructor and department.
PHIL 399 Independent Study 2 TO 6 hours. Independent study, under the supervision of a staff member, of a topic not covered in the regular curriculum. Offered at the request of the student and only at the discretion of the staff members concerned. May be repeated. Students may register in more than one section per term. Prerequisite(s): Consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 401 Theory of Knowledge 3 OR 4 hours. Survey and analysis of key topics in epistemology, such as skepticism, the nature of propositional knowledge, justification, perception, memory, induction, other minds, naturalistic epistemology. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 201 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 402 Topics in Philosophy of Mind 3 OR 4 hours. Survey and analysis of one or more topics in philosophy of mind, such as the mind-body problem, philosophy of psychology, perception and sensation, intentional content, consciousness, and mental causation. 3 undergraduate hours; 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 202. Recommended background: PHIL 102 or PHIL 210.
PHIL 403 Metaphysics 3 OR 4 hours. Intensive treatment of one or more topics, such as free will, personal identity, causation, existence, substance and attribute, the nature of the mind. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 203 or PHIL 226 or PHIL 426 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 404 Philosophy of Science 3 OR 4 hours. Selected works on the aims and methods of science; the status of scientific theories, natural laws and theoretical entities; the nature of scientific explanation. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 102 or PHIL 210, and one 200-level course in philosophy; or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 406 Philosophy of Language 3 OR 4 hours. Intensive treatment of one or more topics, such as meaning and reference, communication, the structure of language, language and thought, and the relation of language to reality. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 102 or one 200- or 400-level logic course or PHIL 226 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 410 Introduction to Formal Logic 3 OR 4 hours. Review of predicate logic and of introductory set theory. The concept of a formal system. Notions of completeness and soundness. Introduction to Godel's first incompleteness theorem. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 210 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 416 Metalogic I 3 OR 4 hours. Metatheory for sentence and predicate logic. Completeness and compactness theorems and their applications. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Students who have taken MATH 430 may not register for this course. Should be taken in sequence with PHIL 417. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 210 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 417 Metalogic II 3 OR 4 hours. Effective computability and recursive functions. Peano arithmetic. Arithmetization of syntax. Incompleteness and undecidability: Godel's and Church's theorems. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 416 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 420 Plato 3 OR 4 hours. Careful reading of selected works. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 220 or PHIL 221 or 3 courses in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 421 Aristotle 3 OR 4 hours. Careful reading of selected works. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 220 or PHIL 221 or 3 courses in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 422 Medieval Philosophy 0 TO 4 hours. Study of selected philosophers such as Augustine, Boethius, Averroes, Maimonides, Aquinas, William of Ockham, Buridan, Suarez. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 220 or PHIL 221 or PHIL 420 or PHIL 421 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 423 Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 3 OR 4 hours. Careful reading of selected works of one or more philosophers, 1600 to 1750, such as Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkely, Hume, Reid and Rousseau. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 223 or PHIL 224 or 3 courses in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 424 Kant 3 OR 4 hours. Intensive study of Kant's metaphysics and theory of knowledge with main reading drawn from the Critique of Pure Reason. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 223 or PHIL 224 or 3 courses in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 425 Studies in Nineteenth-Century Philosophy 3 OR 4 hours. Careful reading of one or more post-Kantian philosophers such as Hegel, Schelling, Fichte, Schopenhauer, Marx, J.S. Mill, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): One 200-level course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 426 Analysis and Logical Empiricism 3 OR 4 hours. Developments in twentieth century philosophy with roots in the study of logic and language, such as logical atomism, logical empiricism, and contemporary analytic philosophy. Topics vary. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 210 or PHIL 226 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 427 Continental Philosophy II: European Thought since 1960 3 OR 4 hours. European thought since 1960: Existential Marxism; Critical Theory; Structuralism, Post-Structuralism and Deconstruction. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 227 or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 428 Topics in Ancient Philosophy 3 OR 4 hours. Careful reading of related works by Ancient Philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle. 3 undergraduate hours; 4 graduate hours. Prerequisite(s): PHIL 220 or PHIL 221; and junior standing or above.
PHIL 429 Special Studies in the History of Philosophy 3 OR 4 hours. Advanced study of a historical school, period, or the development of a historical theme. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): One 200-level course in the history of philosophy or consent of the instructor. 
PHIL 430 Ethics 3 OR 4 hours. Selected topics in moral philosophy, such as normative ethics, value theory or meta-ethics. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): One 200-level course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. Recommended background: Credit in a course in moral, social, or political philosophy. 
PHIL 431 Social/Political Philosophy 3 OR 4 hours. Selected topics in social and political philosophy. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): One 200-level course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. Recommended background: Credit in a course in moral, social, or political philosophy. 
PHIL 432 Topics in Ethics 3 OR 4 hours. Selected topics in ethics. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): One 200-level course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. Recommended background: Credit in a course in moral, social, or political philosophy. 
PHIL 433 Topics in Social/Political Philosophy 3 OR 4 hours. Selected topics in social and political philosophy. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): One 200-level course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. Recommended background: Credit in a course in moral, social, or political philosophy. 
PHIL 441 Topics in Philosophy of Religion 0 TO 4 hours. Intensive study of one or more selected topics concerning the philosophical aspects of basic religious beliefs and concepts. 3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours. May be repeated up to 1 time(s) with approval. Approval to repeat course granted by the department. Prerequisite(s): One 200-level course in philosophy or consent of the instructor. Recommended background: PHIL 241. 
PHIL 484 Neuroscience I 3 hours. Neuroscience as an integrative discipline. Neuroanatomy of vertebrates, neural development, cellular neurobiology, action potential mechanisms, synaptic transmission and neuropharmacology.   Same as BIOS 484 and PSCH 484.  Prerequisite(s):  BIOS 286 or PSCH 262.
PHIL 485 Neuroscience II 3 hours. Integrative neuroscience; continuation of BIOS/PSCH/PHIL 484. Sensory and motor systems; learning, memory, and language. Pathology of nervous systems. Philosophical perspectives, and modeling.   Same as BIOS 485 and PSCH 485.  Prerequisite(s):  BIOS 484.